Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in the Jim Crow South in the fictional American town of Maycomb, during the 1930’s. To Kill a Mockingbird is narrated from the viewpoint of Jean Louise or “Scout” Finch. Scout’s innocence is explored and transformed in recognition of the racism and prejudice in her community. An alternative title for this novel could be One kinds of folks, folks. This title connects to the novel’s themes of loss of innocence, the power of innocence, racism and prejudice.
The loss of innocence is a main theme in the book. Aunt Alexandra tries to teach Jem and Scout her views on society. Scout does not really understand her Aunt Alexandra’s views, but Jem does when he explains to Scout that; "There are four kinds of folk in the world"() This shows that Jem has begun to understand Aunt Alexandra’s views. He goes on to explain that these "four kinds of folk" are; The Finch family (the white-middle class), the Cunningham family (poorer, farmer class) the Ewell family (lowest of the white folk) and the Robinson family (representing the black folk).
Scout portrays the theme of the power of innocence. When scout convinces the lynchers to go home, she doesn't understand the situation, she spots someone she knows and starts talking to him about money and finally about his son. Through her innocence she touches his humanity. Though Scout is very mature for her age, the world is perceived differently because she has not come to know the evils of the world. One kinds of folk, folk represents the innocence of scout and her understanding of the world.
The Jim Crow South is a place where people thought that black and whites were extremely different and defended segregation. Throughout the book we see examples of racism and prejudice. When Tom Robinson was accused of raping Mayella Ewell, a white woman, the white jury still refuses to declare the innocence of a black man. They put...