Back in 1930’s, racism was rampant through the Southern American states. A novel ‘To Kill a Mocking Bird’ by Harper Lee is about the issues raised in a small town Maycomb, in Alabama, in Southern part of U.S.A. the idea of racial inequality and prejudice are developed in the text through the use of dialogue and the situation that the character was involved. Through this development the readers are able to be aware of how racism affected people in Maycomb and how rife the racism was back in 1930s.
Mocking bird was used as symbolism for weak and defenseless people such as Negros in American in 1930s. This also relates to the title. Miss Maudie said “Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but makes music for us to enjoy… That’s why it’s sin to kill a mocking bird“. Like a mockingbird, most black people did not do any harm to anyone but because of racism they were treated unequally to the white people. The typical example of mockingbird in the novel is Tom Robinson. Atticus said to their children ”Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ‘em but remember it’s sin to kill a mockingbird.” Like hunters who kill mockingbirds for sport, people kill innocent people without thinking. The symbolism and the use of dialogue represented how rife the racism was in 1930s.
Tom Robinson was used to show the racial inequality in Maycomb through his situation. Tom was a black man who works very hard for his family. Tom was accused of assaulting and raping Mayella Ewell, Bob Ewell’s daughter. Because Tom was a coloured man he didn’t get fair chance as white man so Atticus tried very hard to prove that Tom is not guilty. Reverend Sykes said to Jem before Tom’s verdict was delivered. “Now, don’t you be so confident, Mr. Jem, I ain’t never seen any jury decided in favour of a coloured man over white man.” This represents that Negros have never been given a fair chance and many think they never will. However, Link Deas who is Tom’s employer said “That boy’s worked for me eight...
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