To Kill a Mocking Bird

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To Kill a Mockingbird

The coexistence of good and evil is an eternal question that has been bothering people for centuries. Many writers tried to explore the moral nature of human beings- whether they are essentially good or essentially evil. To Kill a Mocking Bird by Harper Lee is a superb example of such exploration of good and evil in a human nature. Nelle Harper Lee was born on April 28, 1926, in Monroeville, Alabama. It is a small quiet town very similar to Maycomb, where the action in To Kill a Mocking Bird takes place. Actually, the novel is semi autobiographical in many ways. Just like Atticus Finch Lee’s father was also a lawyer. When Harper Lee was a five-year-old girl nine young black men were unjustly accused of raping two white women near Scottsboro, Alabama. This trial became a prototype for Tom Robinson’s case which forms the climax of the novel. Harper Lee published To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960 before the peak of civil right movements in America. At that time American people came to understanding of disruptiveness of racial policy. In literary circles the novel caused mixed response but among readers it had a great success. Total circulation reached more than fifteen million copies and in 1961 To Kill a Mocking Bird won a Pulitzer Prize. The action of the novel takes place in a small town of Maycomb, Alabama. The narrator is a six-year-old Jean Louise Finch (Scout). She lives with her elder brother Jem, her father, Atticus Finch (a lawyer) and African-American nanny Calpurnia. Their widowed father practices a particular way of upbringing his children. He tries to make them understand that people are not to be judged by their racial, social or religious affiliation. Atticus knows that the world around is so cruel and unjust that realization of this fact can ruin innocent hearts of his children. That’s why he tries to teach them to admire good qualities in people and to understand and forgive bad ones. In Chapter 3 we read such...
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