During the first half of “To Kill A Mocking Bird”, Harper Lee shows a sweet and affectionate portrait of growing up in the small world of a small town in Alabama. Lee continues to undermine her showing of small town niceness during the second half of the book. Later, Lee takes away the nice cover up from the town and reveals a rotten, prejudice and ignorant people. Then the people in the story are not completely good or bad. The book shows how each human has human flaws and weaknesses. Showing Atticus as an old brittle, old and widowed, instead of young and lively. All of the Characters play together in creating the theme of the book. They all show bravery or courage.
In the first chapter, Jem tells Dill that Scout has known how to read since she was a baby. Then explains that Atticus reads to the children from Newspapers, and Magazines as if they were adults. Well, then by the time Scout starts her first day of school, she is very literate. She is obviously a better reader then most of the other children, this frustrates her because she is supposed to teach her this stuff.
Later, it becomes obvious why Atticus took the courage to teach his children. Just to show them that the new era’s ignorance is ruining people’s minds and hearts. This shows that courage to educate is the key to changing people that cause prejudice events. Jem later begins to understand this logic by the end of the book, thinking about the change in family based education. Jem also learns how strong the lessons from his father are showing him about bravery. We learned in the beginning that Atticus didn’t approve of guns. He says guns do not give a man Courage. Atticus shows much courage when taking Tom Robinson’s case even when he knows the town would turn against him. He also refuses to carry a gun to protect Tom from others such as farmers.