The Poem “To Homer”(1818), by John Keats (1795-1821) published in 1818, leads us to think in a praise of Homer, and adapt in turn to the myth of the Goddess Diana, Queen of Earth and Heaven and Hell, so as to express the search in the Real World of Love, perhaps ideal.
Within the Mythological Criticism approach, Keats illustrates the use of different archetypes, including the archetype character; example of this is illustrated in the verse "So thou wast blind! – but then the veil was rent," we can infer that the author wants to make certain allusion to the Greek Poet Homer, who was blind and was known in his time as a figure of reality and legend, author of the Great Epics "The Iliad and The Odyssey."(VIII century BC). On the other hand, Keats mentions various gods of Greek Mythology, example we have: "For Jove (Zeus - Jupiter) uncurtained Heaven to let thee live,"; "And Neptune made for thee a spumy tent," and “And Pan made sing for thee his forest-hive”; these three lines the author may want to express the kindness and protection that Homer should have them on Earth, Heaven and the Sea and the fear of unconsciousness. These are examples of the different Mythic Archetypes in the Poem.
In addition, we can infer that the author refers to a situational archetype "To visit dolphin-coral in deep seas," as an allusion to the beauty of the deep sea and the golden fish, popularly called the dolphin.
Within the poem is also identified a symbolic archetype "darkness / light", this archetype describes symbolic polarity between life and death "Aye, on the shores of darkness there is light."
The poem can be considered as an apostrophe devoted to the absence and disappearance of the poet Homer, we can also qualify it as a praise or prayer to Homer, who was one of the leading poets in the history of Greek Mythology
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