As college sports have become just as, if not more, popular than their corresponding professional sport counterpart, several colleges and universities nationwide find themselves making millions of dollars of revenue annually. In NCAA Division I sports, football and men’s basketball are usually the two main areas where an athletics program generate their revenue and for the most part, how athletics programs are able to break even during a year of athletics. Generally, in these Division I schools, females predominantly outnumber males in enrollment. However, per Title IX regulations, the ratio of male to female athletes must correspond to the ratio of male to female students, causing revenue generated by mostly by men’s sports to be redistributed to women’s athletics. This specific part of the law creates two effects that raise controversy to many and begs the question; does Title IX actually create gender equity in its rules on how to distribute money?
Although Title IX only contains 37 words, there are hundreds of pages that describe the law in more depth. Simplified, it is broken down into three components. The first component is known as the “Three Prong Test” which is three scenarios in which a high school or college athletic department must follow at least one in order to be in compliance with Title IX. The ‘Three Prongs’ are: 1. Opportunities for males and females must be substantially proportionate to their respective enrollments. 2. Where one sex has been underrepresented, the program must show a history and continuing practice of program expansion responsive to the developing interests and abilities of that sex. 3. Where one sex is underrepresented and the school cannot show a continuing practice of program expansion, it must be demonstrated that the interests and abilities of that sex have been fully and effectively accommodated by the existing program.
The second component of Title IX basically states that athletic scholarships must be provided in the same proportion of males and females at the school, furthermore the athletic program. For example, if College A had 55% women attending the school, women must receive 55% of money that is allocated towards athletic scholar ship. The third and final component states that the overall benefits and services that each athlete will receive must be the same regardless. These benefits include, but are not limited to equipment and supplies, scheduling of games and practice time, travel and its related expenses, coaches, locker rooms, practice and competitive facilities, medical/ training facilities and services, availability of tutors, and publicity.
College sports have turned into a business. Was this the intention when the NCAA was first created in order to create structure and organization in intermural sports? No, but American consumers have taken interest into college sports far more than anyone could have imagined. While the majority of men’s and women’s...