Capital punishment, also called the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted felon as a punishment for a crime.
Capital punishment in the U. S. A. is officially sanctioned by 38 of 50 states. The state with the most amount of executions since 1967 is Texas with 335 executions. The states with the least amount of executions are Kansas, New Hampshire, Mew jersey, New York, and South Dakota with zero executions. The state with the most amount of inmates on death row is California with 647 inmates on death row. The state with the least amount of inmates on death row is New Hampshire with zero inmates on death row.
Between 1976-2002, 7,524 death sentences were issued, 820 inmates on death row, 268 who died of natural causes, suicides or murder. The suicide rate on death row is 133 per 100,000. There have been 176 commuted sentences. 2,403 inmates have been released, retried, or re-sentenced.
From 1976-2002, out of 944 executions, 776 executions were by lethal injections, 153 were by electrocution, 11 were by gas, three were from hanging, and two from a firing squad. Currently, lethal injection is being used by 37 of the 38 states that sanction the death penalty.
California, Nevada, Wyoming, Maryland, Missouri, Arizona, Oregon, Colorado, New Mexico,
Mississippi, and North Carolina use gas. The electric chair is the primary form of execution in Alabama, Arkansas, South Carolina, and Virginia, and it is the only method in South Carolina.
64 percent of Americans are in favor of capital punishment. 56 percent prefer the death penalty to life in prison. 41 percent believe it deters murder, but 53 percent didn't think there was much effect, 36 percent wanted more executions while 21 percent wanted less executions.
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