Title 51: National and Commercial Space Law

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Title 51: National and Commercial Space Law:
Public Law 111-314: The peaceful uses of outer space
Alexander J. Strong
Rocky Mountain High School

Abstract
International Space Law can be a very confusing and long process to understand. The policy has so many various regulations and laws set forth to provide a safe and regulated use of outer space. Space Law is a direct order from the United Nations to have all nations that are involved in space exploration, to use in a peaceful purpose and for the greater good of mankind. The policy was established in 1958 at the start of the United States and Soviet Union space race. Since then the policy has been revised multiple times do to the advances in technology. However, over the past fifty years the excitement of space exploration has lost its course. NASA, the planets largest and most prestiges corporation is being cut its funding by billions every year. But recent reports from astronauts about physical entities other than their own on the moon may say otherwise.

Policy Identification
National and Commercial Space Programs (Public Law 111-314). To identify Space law, the United Nations passed basic human rights laws that are to be followed outside of earths atmosphere. Such as, Article 3 of the Declaration of Human Rights, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.” Penalties for not following the policy will be conducted by the United Nations and possible conviction in prison. The funding for such enforcement comes from the Government that has such laws. Space Law is what keeps the peace thousands of miles away from earth. Everyone outside of the atmosphere will have to abide by various regulations. Failure to follow such regulations will result in punishment by law. Space law was created to protect and ensure all Astronauts and any other persons in space rights as a human. The committee responsible for the enforcement and creation of Public Law 111-314 is, The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs [UNOOSA] which is the UN’s administration given responsibility for engaging international cooperation, and to gain agreement of peaceful use in outer space between persons and nations. The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs serves as the administration for General Assembly's only committee dealing with international cooperation in the peaceful use of outer space: the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space [COPUOS]. The Space laws policy of the United States of America includes both the creation of space law policy through the legislative procedure, and the execution of that policy by both civilian and military space programs and by regulatory agencies. There are five treaties and agreements of space law, such as the following, "non-appropriation of outer space by any one country, arms control, the freedom of exploration, liability for damage caused by space objects, the safety and rescue of spacecraft and astronauts, the prevention of harmful interference with space activities and the environment, the notification and registration of space activities, scientific investigation and the exploitation of natural resources in outer space and the settlement of disputes"(COPUOS, 1973).

Policy History/Background
Title 51: National and Commercial Space Law has been revised and edited to become something more efficient in modern day, but it all started in 1958. “National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958," Public Law 85-568, 72 Stat., 426, was signed by President Eisenhower in July of 1958. The Act of 1958 was to supply funding in research of problems in flight within and outside earth’s atmosphere, and activities in space will be devoted to peaceful benefits towards mankind. And that all missions and studies conducted in space, will be provided to the human race. The establishment of long-range studies of the potential benefits to be gained from, the opportunities for, and the problems involved in the...
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