Tipu Sultan

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  • Topic: Nawab of the Carnatic, Nizam, Dost Ali Khan
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HAIDAR ALI AND TIPU SULTAN AND THE STRUGGLE WITH THE MUSALMAN POWERS OF THE SOUTH

BY
LEWIN B. BOWRING, C.S.I.
FORMERLY CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF MYSORE

IDARAH-I ADABIYAT-I DELLI
2009, QASIMJAN STREET DELHI-6
(INDIA)

IDARAH-I ADABIYAT-I DELLI
2009, QASIMJAN STREET, DELHI-6

FIRST EDITION 1893
REPRINT 1974

Price Rs. 35.00

PRINTED IN INDIA

PUBLISHED BY MOHAMMAD AHMAD, FOR IDARAH-I
ADABIYAT-I DELLI, 2009, QASIMJAN STREET, DELHI-6
AND PRINTED AT JAYYED PRESS, BALLIMARAN, DELHI-6.

PREFACE

THE following sketch of the Musalman usurpation in Mysore is an attempt to present in a popular form the career of one of the most remarkable personages who have played their parts on the stage of Indian history, together with that of his equally remarkable son - the first distinguished by the energy, enterprise, and daring which enabled him to seize a throne, and the second by his bigotry, his hostility to the English, and the famous obstinacy which cost him his crown and his life. The materials for such a memoir, although, often contradictory, according to the source whence they are derived, are sufficiently copious for the greater part of the narrative. The conflicting views of English, French, and native authorities regarding Haidar Ali and his son make it difficult to form an absolutely correct estimate of their career, while the limited space at his disposal precludes the writer from doing full justice to the course of events referred to in the narrative. It was a period, however, of vital importance to the future supremacy of the British in India, and an attempt has therefore been made to represent as accurately as possible the vicissitudes of Mysore kingdom during the thirty-eight years of the usurpation by Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan. The sketch is confined to this period, that is, from the time when Haidar Ali first brought himself prominently to notice, down to the memorable siege of Seringapatam, which ended for ever his short-lived dynasty. Although incidentally alluded to, the momentous struggle between the English and the French for supremacy in Southern India does not come within the scope of the memoir, while it has been fully dealt with in the previous volume of this Series on ‘Dupleix.’ The writer would impress upon the reader that, although the narrative is mainly taken up with a long course of strife and conquests, consequent upon the disintegration of the Mughal empire, it would be unjust to impute to the people of Mysore an innate love for war, or a sanguinary disposition. On the contrary, they are an amiable race, with kindly instincts, admirable as cultivators, and possessing an ancient and valuable literature, which raised them high in the scale of civilization long before the advent of Islam. Of the professors of that faith he may also add that nowhere can be found a better type of true refinement and courtesy than the dignified and hospitable Musalman gentleman.

L. B. B.
TORQUAY 1893

CONTENTS
HAIDAR ALI10
PEDIGREE OF THE NAWABS OF MYSORE.11
CHAPTER I12
INTRODUCTORY12
HAIDAR ALI’S ANCESTORS. THE MYSORE DYNASTY.12
PEDIGREE OF THE MYSORE RAJAS14
CHAPTER II15
HAIDAR RISES INTO NOTICE –15
CONTEST FOR SUPREMACY IN SOUTHERN INDIA15
PEDIGREE OF THE NIZAMS.16
CHAPTER III19
THE PESHWA INVADES MYSORE19
FAMILY TREE OF THE PESHWAS20
CHAPTER IV21
HAIDAR ASSUMES THE CONTROL OF AFFAIRS – CONQUEST OF BEDNUR21 CHAPTER V25
THE MARATHAS INVADE MYSORE A SECOND TIME25
CHAPTER VI26
CONQUEST OF MALABAR26
CHAPTER VII28
THE MARATHAS AGAIN ATTACK MYSORE28
CHAPTER VIII29
THE NIZAM JOINS HAIDAR ALI, WHO ATTACKS THE ENGLISH –29
WAR FROM 1767 TO 176929
CHAPTER IX33
THE MARATHAS INVADE MYSORE A FOURTH TIME33
CHAPTER X35
CONQUEST OF COORG35
CHAPTER XI36
NEGOTIATIONS WITH RAGHUBA – DEATH OF MYSORE RAJA –36
CAPTURE OF BELLARY AND GUTTI – ATTITUDE OF THE POONA...
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