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Indian Rebellion of 1857
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"Sepoy Mutiny" redirects here. For other uses, see Sepoy Mutiny (disambiguation). Indian Rebellion of 1857
Indian Rebellion of 1857.jpg
A 1912 map of "Northern India - The Mutiny 1857–59" showing the centres of rebellion. Date 10 May 1857–20 June 1858
Location India (cf. 1857)[1]
Result Suppression of the rebellion,
Final collapse of Mughal and Maratha Empires,
End of Company rule in India,
Transfer of rule to the British crown,
British victory
Territorial
changes British Indian Empire created out of former East India Company territory (some land returned to native rulers, other land confiscated by the British crown) Belligerents
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg East India Company rebel sepoys Seven Indian princely states

Flag of the Mughal Empire.svg Mughals of Delhi
Gwalior flag.svg Gwalior factions
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Forces of Rani Lakshmibai, the deposed Maratha ruler of the independent state of Jhansi Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Forces of Nana Sahib Peshwa, the adopted son of Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II Flag of Awadh.svg Followers of Birjis Qadra, the son of the deposed Nawab of Oudh Some Indian civilians, notably retainers of talukdars (feudal landowners) of Oudh and Muslim ghazis (religious fighters)

United Kingdom British Army
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg East India Company loyalist sepoys Native irregulars
East India Company British regulars

United Kingdom British and European civilian volunteers raised in the Bengal Presidency 21 princely states

Drapeau Ajaigarh.png Ajaigarh
Alwar flag.svg Alwar
Flag of Bharatpur.svg Bharathpur
Drapeau Bhopal.svg Bhopal
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg Bijawar Bikaner.svg Bikaner
Bundi.svg Bundi
Asafia flag of Hyderabad State.png Hyderabad
Flag of Jaipur.svg Jaipur
Jaora
Kapurthala flag.svg Kapurthala
Flag Jammu Kashmir.png Kashmir
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg Kendujhar Jodhpur.svg Marwar
Nabha flag.svg Nabha
Patiala flag.svg Patiala
Rampur flag.svg Rampur State
F1 yellow flag.svg Rewa
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg Sirmur Sirohi.svg Sirohi
Mewar.svg Udaipur

Pre 1962 Flag of Nepal.png Kingdom of Nepal
Commanders and leaders
Mughal Empire Bahadur Shah II
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Nana Sahib Peshwa
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg Bakht Khan Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Rani Lakshmibai
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Tantya Tope
अवध ध्वज.gif Begum Hazrat Mahal
Babu Kunwar Singh
Ishwori Kumari Devi, Rani of Tulsipur Commander-in-Chief, India: United Kingdom George Anson (to May 1857)
United Kingdom Sir Patrick Grant
United Kingdom Sir Colin Campbell (from August 1857)
Pre 1962 Flag of Nepal.png Jang Bahadur[2]
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Indian Rebellion of 1857

The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region.[3] The rebellion posed a considerable threat to Company power in that region,[4] and was contained only with the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858.[3] The rebellion is also known as India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Sepoy Rebellion and the Sepoy Mutiny. The Mutiny was a result of various grievances. However the flashpoint was reached when the soldiers were asked to bite off the paper cartridges for their rifles which they believed were greased with animal fat, namely beef and pork....
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