Tina and Dan are considering various birth control methods. They are a newly-wed couple who practiced abstinence before marriage and plan on starting their family with a year. Choose possible methods of contraception for the couple and discuss the advantages and disadvantages they would need to consider at the point in their lives.
Due to the fact that Tina and Dan are newly-wed it would be safe to assume their sexual activities with each other will be plentiful. Considering the fact they practiced abstinence prior to their marriage, it should also be safe to assume they are both free from STI or HIV/AIDS. Under these circumstances I would recommend the birth-control pill. The greatest advantage of using the pill, when used properly, it is nearly 100% effective. Other advantages include: Doesn't interfere with sexual spontaneity (no interruptions such as with use of a condom). The pill may have some healthful side effects such as reduced risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, benign ovarian cysts, and fibrocystic breast growths. The pill also regularizes menstrual cycles and reduces menstrual cramping and other issues pertaining to menstruation. The combination pill reduces the risk of ovarian and endometrial cancer even after its discontinued use (Gnagy et al., 2000; Hatcher, 2001; Narod et al., 1998). One other advantage that works in favor for Tina and Dan is that the use of the pill is not permanent; it may temporarily reduce fertility after discontinued use. Nine out of 10 women begin ovulating regularly within 3 months of suspending use (Reinesch, 1990). The disadvantages include: The pill does not protect against STI; however in Tina and Dan's situation that should not be a problem. Beginning the pill requires a visit to the doctor and a prescription. For Tina and Dan the next disadvantage may not be a disadvantage at all; a woman must begin using the pill at least several weeks before becoming sexual active. However, if Tina and Dan have planned things...
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