7500 BC : Civilization at Gulf of Khambar 2500-1500 BC: Indus Valley Civilisation. 2000-1500: Aryans arrive from central Asia. 1500-1000: The Early Vedic Age – Rigveda. 1000-500: Later Vedic Period - Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Samhitas, early Upanishads and Sutras. 563-483 : Gautama Buddha – born at Lumbini (Nepal); attainment of knowledge – Bodh Gaya (Bihar); first sermon – Sarnath, near Varanasi (UP); Nirvana – Kusinagar (Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh). 540-468 : Mahavira – born at Kundagrama near Vaishali (Bihar) and nirvana at Pavapuri (Patna, Bihar). 492-460 : Rule of Ajatasatru, son of Bimbisara, king of Magadha. 364-321 : Rule of Nandas of Magadha 326 : Invasion of India by Alexander Battle of Hydaspes. 322-298 : Reign of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Mauryan dynasty. 273-232 : Reign of Ashoka , son of Bindusara 261 : Kalinga war. 257 : Asoka's conversion to Budhism by Upagupta. 250 : Third Buddhist council at Pataliputra 90 : Sakas invade India. 58 : The Vikrama Samvat (vikram era) introduced by King Vikramaditya of Ujjain. 20-46 AD : Gondophernes, the king of IndoParthians. 320-335 : Reign of Chandragupta-I. 335-380 : Reign of Samudragupta known as Indian Napoleon. 380-414 : Reign of Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya). 405-411 : The visit of the Chinese pilgrim Fa-hien to India. 500-527 : Rule of Huns over North India. 606-647 : Harsha Vardhana of Kanauj. Hiuen-Tsang visited India (AD 630-644). 500-757 : First Chalukya dynasty of Vatapi 630 : Harsha's clash with PulakesinII 973-1190 : Chalukya dynasty of Kalyani 760-1142 : Palas of Eastern India. 985-1014 : Reign of Rajaraja, the Great. Starts a great land survey (AD 1000). 1014-1044 : Reign of Rajendra Chola. Naval campaign against Sri Vijaya kingdom. 788-820 : Sankaracharya and his philosophy of Advaita. 712 : Arabs occupy Sindh. 871-1173 : Imperial cholas of Tanjore. 916-1203 : Construction of Khajuraho Temples. 1000-1027: Invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni. 1191 : Prithviraj III, defeated Muhammad Ghori in the first battle of Tarain . 1192 : Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj in theSecond Battle of Tarain in 1192. 1206 : Foundation of the Sultanate of Delhi by Qutub-ud-din Aibak. 1210 : Death of Qutub-ud-din Aibak. 1210-1236: Reign of Iltutmish. 1221 : Mongol invasion under Chenghis Khan. 1231 : Iltumish completed the construction of Qutub Minar at Delhi. 1236-1240: Reign of Empress Raziya, daughter of Iltutmish, the first and last woman ruler of Medieval India. 1266-1287: Reign of Sultan Balban.
: Accession of Kanishka, The Saka era begins.
100-300 : The Sangam Age in south India. 50 BC-250 AD : Satavahana dynasty in the Deccan.
1288-1293: Visit of Marco Polo in India. 1290-1296 : Sultan Jalal-ud-din Firuz Khalji, founder of the Khalji dynasty. 1296 : Alauddin Khalji invades Devagiri. 1296-1316: Reign of Sultan Alauddin Khalji. 1309-1311: Malik Kafur's expedition into South India. 1320-1325: Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq (Ghazi Malik), founder of the Tughlaq dynasty. 1325-1351: Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. Transferred the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad1327. Issue of token currency – 1329. 1333 : Ibn Batuta arrives in India. 1351-1388: Sultan Firuz Tughlaq. 1398 : Invasion of Timur during the reign of Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud 1414-1451: Reign of Sayyid dynasty. 1420 : Visit of Nicolo Conti. 1451-1526: Bahlul Lodhi (1451-89), Sikandar Lodhi (1489-1517), and Ibrahim Lodhi (1517-26) 1526 : The first Battle of Panipat (1526) Babur defeats Ibrahim Lodhi. 1336 : Foundation of the empire of Vijayanagar by Harihara and Bukka 1438-1468: Reign of Rana kumbha in Mewar. 1509-1530: Reign of Krishnadeva Raya, the greatest king of Vijayanagar. 1565 : Battle of Talikota, decline of the empire of Vijayanagar. 1346 : Foundation of the Bahmani kingdom by Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah (13471358). 1498 : Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut 1505 : De Almeida, the first Viceroy of Portuguese in India 1510 : Conquest of Goa...