TIMELINE – 1914
• June - July: General Strikes in St. Petersburg.
• July 19th: Germany declares war on Russia, causing a brief sense of patriotic union amongst the Russian nation and a downturn in striking. • July 30th: The All Russian Zemstvo Union for the Relief of Sick and Wounded Soldiers is created with Lvov as president. • August - November: Russia suffers heavy defeats and a large shortage of supplies, including food and munitions. • August 18th: St. Petersburg is renamed Petrograd as 'Germanic' names are changed to sound more Russia, and hence more patriotic. • November 5th: Bolshevik members of the Duma are arrested; they are later tried and exiled to Siberia. 1915 • February 19: Great Britain and France accept Russia's claims to Istanbul and other Turkish lands. • June 5th: Strikers shot at in Kostromá; casualties.
• July 9th: The Great Retreat begins, as Russian forces pull back into Russia. • August 9th: The Duma's bourgeois parties form the 'Progressive bloc' to push for better government and reform; includes the Kadets, Octobrist groups and Nationalists. • Auguest 10th: Strikers shot at in Ivánovo-Voznesénsk; casualties. • August 17-19th: Strikers in Petrograd protest at the deaths in Ivánovo-Voznesénsk. • August 23rd: Reacting to war failures and a hostile Duma, the Tsar takes over as Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, prorogues the Duma and moves to military headquarters at Mogilev. Central government begins to seize up. 1916 • January - December: Despite successes in the Brusilov offensive, the Russian war effort is still characterised by shortages, poor command, death and desertion. Away from the front, the conflict causes starvation, inflation and a torrent of refugees. Both soldiers and civilians blame the incompetence of the Tsar and his government. • February 6: Duma reconvened.
• February 29th: After a month of strikes at the Putilov Factory, the government conscripts the workers and takes charge of production. Protest strikes follow. • June 20: Duma prorogued.
• October: Troops from 181st Regiment help striking Russkii Renault workers fight against the Police. • November 1st: Miliukov gives his 'Is this stupidity or treason?' speech in reconvened Duma. • December 17/18th: Rasputin is killed by Prince Yusupov.
• December 30th: The Tsar is warned that his army won't support him against a revolution. January
• January 9: 140,000 strike in Petrograd to commemorate Bloody Sunday; strikes in other cities. • Janaury 24: The Workers Group calls for a strike on February 14 (date of Duma's next recall) to demand overthrow of Tsar and creation of provisional government. • January 31: Strikes across Russia. February • February 14: 100,000+ strike in Petrograd; Duma reconvenes and attacks the government over food shortages. • February 19: Petrograd authorities announce that bread will be rationed from March 1st; panic buying ensues. • February 23: Demonstrations in Petrograd for International Women's Day (mainly women and striking Putilov workers) are joined by evermore striking bread demonstrators until a crowd of 100,000 forms; revolutionary banners and slogans appear. The Bolsheviks are initially opposed to the strike. • February 24: Petrograd: buoyed by the mood of the 23rd, the strikes continue and grow ever larger; small numbers of soviets begin forming; government ministers take control. • February 25: The Petrograd strike is now total (200,000+) and violence is increasing; demands for bread have been replaced by condemnation of the tsar; all free members of the Workers Group are arrested; Cossack troops fight police to protect protestors. • February 26: Upon hearing of events in...
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