Gauhar Bidani is a budding entrepreneur. He has done well in his trading business and is now planning to go into manufacturing. As his trading business was in geysers, cooking ovens and similar consumer durables, he decides to go in for manufacturing washing machines which also falls under consumer durables.

Gauhar Bidani is a know all and when somebody asked him whether he was confident of manufacturing washing machines, he laughed and said ‘What is there in it, just a container with a stirrer and a motor, and input and output water pipes. You know I always had a mechanical bent as a child and now I will finally use my skills to design and produce a washing machine. It is simple’.

His father asked him how much land would be required. ‘Not much Daddy, after all it is simple fabrication. Our shed in Sahibabad should be good enough’.

‘But that is only 3000 sq ft’, queried Daddy.

‘Yes, but that is good enough. After all what is the size of a washing machine-3ft X 2ft X 2ft. 500 machines can come in that area while I am planning only 200 machines per day’.

Bidani’s uncle, who was to be one of the investors, was full of doubts.

‘Bidani, have you examined the technical aspects in detail. All washing machines are not doing well in the market you know. Sometimes the clothes are not clean, sometimes not dried and some machines have lot of breakdown problems’.

‘Yes uncle, don’t worry, your investment is safe. My washing machine will sell in the market’.

‘Bidani, which washing machine are you planning-manual, semi automatic or fully automatic. Will it have a dryer. What sizes of capacity will you offer? What colour choices?

‘Oh, come on uncle. You are doubting me now. I will make fully automatic machines in one colour only with a microprocessor chip inside. Just wait and see my results. Be patient’.

After 12 months Bidani came up with a fully automatic machine in black colour. To his uncle the...

...ACFI 340 – TAKE HOME QUIZ - FALL, 2011
Below you will find a series of independent questions involving present value concepts. Show all factors used in present value computations and indicate the table that was used (FV of $1, PV of $1, etc). If you use a financial calculator, show the key strokes you used to compute the answer: N, i/y, PV, FV and PMT
Please download a copy of this quiz and type your answers after each question. Each student should design his/her own spreadsheets. Where amortization schedules are required, they should be labeled as exhibits and attached at the end of your quiz. On mortgage amortization schedules, attach only the first and last page of the schedule.
No “canned program” spreadsheets should be used. While you may discuss the quiz with one another, you are expected to prepare your own solutions independently of other students. Obviously identical spreadsheets will result in a penalty of 30 points on your total score.
a. Sacks Corporation bought a new machine and agreed to pay for it in 5 equal installments of $40,000 at the end of each of the next 5 years. Assuming that the prevailing rate of 6% applies to this contract, how much should Sacks record as the cost of the machine?
b. Design amortization schedules showing the payments under the assumption:
1. Interest is included in the face amount of the note.
2. The note is an interest bearing note.
c. Prepare the entry to...

...TimeValue of Money
The timevalue of money (TVM) or, discounted present value, is one of the basic concepts of finance and was developed by Leonardo Fibonacci in 1202. The timevalue of money (TVM) is based on the premise that one will prefer to receive a certain amount of money today than the same amount in the future, all else equal. As a result, when one deposits money in a bank account, one demands (and earns) interest. Money received today is more valuable than money received in the future by the amount of interest we can earn with the money. If $90 today will accumulate to $100 a year from now, then the present value of $100 to be received one year from now is $90.
To fully understand timevalue of money one must first understand a few terms. Present value and future value are totally different. They also have their disadvantages and advantages; it just depends on how they are used. Of course, present value is what you have right now at this present time. While future value is the amount of money you will have at a given time in the future. Future value has a tendency to be deep;...

...TimeValue of Money
“Money has a timevalue associated with it and therefore a dollar received today is worth more than a dollar to be received in the future” (Block, Hirt, 2005). The timevalue of money may be based on the concept that one would prefer to receive a fixed payment today rather than the same fixed payment at a future date. This paper discusses some of the key components of timevalue of money and identifies the application of timevalue of money in various businesses.
Commercial banks use various timevalue of money formulas daily. One example of the application of timevalue of money in commercial banks is through mortgages. Using the formula for present value of an annuity, a bank will solve the formula to determine the monthly payment amount, the borrower’s monthly mortgage payment.
Credit card financial service companies are commonly known to issue private student loans. Therefore, credit card companies would use the timevalue of money to determine loan payment schedules and the number that students most fear, the ending balance, the future value of the loan. Credit card companies would...

...Running Head: TimeValue of MoneyTimeValue of Money
University of Phoenix
Believe it or not many people through out the years thought that by putting money to the side, under the mattress or, even in the cookie jar that eventually one day they would be rich. Well not to spoil the surprise but the years it would take to make one rich by those means are far off and nothing in between. This is where TimeValue of Money comes in. TimeValue of Money is the idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, even after the adjustments of inflation, interest rates, and appreciation until the time come for the dollar in the future to be received. Simply stated invest. There are a variety of financial applications of the timevalue of money. This paper will identify different financial application, and components of a discount and interest rate. The goal is to list various financial applications, and explain the components of discount and interest rates.
Financial Applications
The timevalue of money can be applied to many everyday financial decisions. Suppose a parent wants to set aside present funds for their child’s educational future. Several factors...

...TimeValue of Money
The timevalue of money relates to many activities and decision in the financial world. “Understanding the effective rate on a business loan, the mortgage payment in a real estate transaction, or the true return on an investment depends on understanding the timevalue of money” (Block, Hirt, 2005). The concept of timevalue of money helps determine how financial assets are valued and how investors establish the rates of return they demand. Many different types of companies use the timevalue of money, such as commercial banks, credit card companies, insurance companies, retirement advisors, and the state government. As an individual or company, the importance of understanding how each of these company’s services can affect ones overall cash position is very important.
When determining the “future value, we measure the value of an amount that is allowed to grow at a given interest rate over a period of time” (Block, Hirt, 2005). When determining the present value one would reverse the method for calculating future value. Future value and present value calculations may also deal with annuities rather than single amounts, “which may...

...Abstract
In this paper, Team C will discuss the concept of the timevalue of money and the importance of this concept in business. Also, we will provide a demonstration of the use of the formula used to calculate the present and future values of money to get the present value of $100 using different periods of time and interest rates.
TimeValue ofMoney
In the world of business, it is essential to know what TVM represents and how it helps make better choices in how we spend our money. TVM is also known as TimeValue of money which is a given amount of interest earned in a period of time (Wikipedia, 2011). Each member in group “C” will use 100 as our present value and we will choose an interest rate and period. Timevalue of money concept is used to determine present and future values of money. “The timevalue of money refers to the relationship between time, money, and the rate of interest.” (Letsche, 2011). The formula consist of four components FV = Future Value, PV = Present Value, i = the interestrate per period and n= the number of compounding periods (TeachMeFinance.com)....

...Introduction
The timevalue of money is an important concept in financial management. It can be used to compare investment alternatives and to solve problems involving loans, mortgages, leases, savings, and annuities. The timevalue of money can be defined as the value of money received today instead of in the future. This is based on the premise that cash in hand today is more valuable than the same amount in the future due to its capability of earning interest. For investors, this is single most important concept in the world of finance. This paper will discuss the different financial applications of the timevalue of money. This paper will also describe the components of interest and highlight various methods of calculating timevalue of money using different interest scenarios.
Financial Applications of the TimeValue of MoneyTimevalue of money has many useful applications. One of the most important uses is that it helps to measure the trade-off in spending and saving. This can have important consequences for your personal budgeting. If market interest rates are at 5%, one may decide that the timevalue of money is greater in the future, and...

...TIMEVALUE OF MONEYTimevalue of money is useful in making informed business decisions. For example the "net present value method" can be used to help decide the best alternative among multiple alternative uses of a firm or personal financial resources. By discounting various alternatives to their "present value" one can compare the alternatives. Timevalue of money can also answer such questions as what one's investment will be worth at a certain point of time in the future, assuming a certain interest rate. Timevalue of money can also be used to compute such useful information as car, mortgage and other loan payments. Another use of timevalue of money in accounting is reporting of certain long-term assets and liabilities.
Timevalue of money is based on the principle of compound interest. Each time there is a compounding period the new principal is increased by the interest from the previous period.
Converting Before Using the Tables
When using the tables, you may need to convert if, for example, in a lump sum situation there are more than one compounding periods in a year. Or you may need to convert (to monthly compounding) if, for...

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