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Time management is the act or process of planning and exercising conscious control over the amount of time spent on specific activities, especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency or productivity. Time management may be aided by a range of skills, tools, and techniques used to manage time when accomplishing specific tasks, projects and goals complying with a due date. This set encompasses a wide scope of activities, and these include planning, allocating, setting goals, delegation, analysis of time spent, monitoring, organizing, scheduling, and prioritizing. Initially, time management referred to just business or work activities, but eventually the term broadened to include personal activities as well. A time management system is a designed combination of processes, tools, techniques, and methods. Usually time management is a necessity in any project development as it determines the project completion time and scope. Contents[hide] * 1 Main themes of time management * 2 Creating an effective environment * 3 Setting priorities and goals * 3.1 ABC analysis * 3.2 Pareto analysis * 3.3 The Eisenhower Method * 3.4 POSEC method * 4 Implementing goals * 4.1 Task list organization * 4.2 Software applications * 4.3 Time Management Systems * 5 Elimination of non-priorities * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links|  Main themes of time management
The major themes arising from the literature on time management include the following: * Creating an environment conducive to effectiveness
* Setting of priorities
* Carrying out activity around those priorities
* The related process of reduction of time spent on non-priorities Time management has been considered to be a subset of different concepts such as: * Project management. Time Management can be considered to be a project management subset and is more commonly known as project planning and project scheduling. Time Management has also been identified as one of the core functions identified in project management. * Attention management: Attention Management relates to the management of cognitive resources, and in particular the time that humans allocate their mind (and organizations the minds of their employees) to conduct some activities. * Personal knowledge management: see below (Personal time management). Professor Stephen Smith, of BYUI, is among recent sociologists that have shown that the way workers view time is connected to social issues such as the institution of family, gender roles, and the amount of labor by the individual. In recent years, several authors have discussed time management as applied to the issue of digital information overload, in particular, Tim Ferriss with "The 4 hour workweek", and Stefania Lucchetti with "The Principle of Relevance" Stephen R. Covey has offered a categorization scheme for the time management approaches that he reviewed: * First generation: reminders based on clocks and watches, but with computer implementation possible; can be used to alert a person when a task is to be done. * Second generation: planning and preparation based on calendar and appointment books; includes setting goals. * Third generation: planning, prioritizing, controlling (using a personal organizer, other paper-based objects, or computer or PDA-based systems) activities on a daily basis. This approach implies spending some time in clarifying values and priorities. * Fourth generation: being efficient and proactive using any of the above tools; places goals and roles as the controlling element of the system and favors importance over urgency.  Creating an effective environment
Some time management literature stresses tasks related to the creation of an environment conducive to real effectiveness. These strategies include principles...