University of Phoenix Material
History of Community Nursing Matrix
Complete the matrix with the following concepts, and relate the concepts to two different periods of time in history and the present time:
• Describe each period briefly.
• Clarify the differences during each period with public health nursing and community health nursing. • Describe the key health issues.
• Identify community health partnerships used during this period of time. • Describe how Watson’s Theory of Human Transpersonal Caring is related.
| |Historical time |Nursing role in |Major health issues |Partnerships used |Watson’s theory | | |period |community | | | | |Past period 1 |Florence Nightingale |Florence Nightingale |Infection with bacteria |Nightingale used rich and |Watson’s theory of | | |in 1860 |developed nursing |such as E. coli, |upstanding people in the |caring was based on | | | |programs for students as|Pseudomonas, Staph, |community to help her with |caring for the | | | |well as a form of |blood borne diseases, |her goal of creating more |patients and | | | |nursing where nurses |and airborne disease |schools and promoting |environment. | | | |took care of sick people|from caregivers not |public health nursing. |Nightingale and | | | |within the home. Her |using universal |Most people noticed the |Watson’s vision was | | | |emphasis for this care |precautions with good |problem in the community |related in this way | | | |was on sanitation, |hand washing. |and willing to help, such |because environment | | | |prevention of illnesses,|Sanitation and |as Rathbone Liverpool who |according to them | | | |and the actual education|cleanliness was another |helped create more schools |both is a part of | | | |of nurses caring for the|issue. Nightingale |to educate women in the |healing, and as | | | |sick. |wanted to make sure |community about the |nurses we should pay | | | | |people were in a clean |importance of public health|attention to the | | | | |environment to promote |nursing and the need for |patient, families, | | | | |healing and sanitation |sanitation and promotion of|and the things around| | | | |was an important part of|wellness (Healthline, |them to promote | | | | |her program. |2008). |comfort and | | | | | | |relaxation which in | | | | | | |return helps them to | | | | | | |heal. | |Past period 2 |Lillian Wald in the |Wald was known as the |The health issues were |When she began to...