January 7, 2013
Professor Angie Robins
Time and Cultural Influence on American Education
Looking back I can now see that the experiences that I have had as a student can relate back to historical educational philosophies. The experiences that I had were the way the education system was set up, and the way in which materials were related back to real life situations when taught to me. I think that it is important to understand how both of these experiences relate back to historical educational philosophies so when I am teaching my students I am fully able to understand the thought and reason as to why things are the way they are with in the education system. The education system is set up as a bi-level organization that is split into elementary and secondary education. This bi-level organization relates back to Calvin’s educational theory because he developed this system. He believed that in elementary education the students should learn about the Bible and then secondary education the students should learn about being a leader of their church or state. Today our schools focus less on the religious aspects, unless you attend a private school, but in elementary education our students learn about the basic skills they need to survive and in secondary education our students build on these basic skills to make sure that they are able to become the future leaders of our society. Although the religious aspect has been taken out of the education system the concept of teaching the basic fundamentals first is still practiced today. John Locke’s theory of blank slate and Jean-Jaques Rousseau’s theory of naturalism both relate back to the concept of children learning through different grade levels. John Locke’s theory of blank slate is used when children first enter the school system; they are considered to not know or understand anything yet. Jean-Jaques Rousseau’s theory of naturalism and how children learn through...