Dr. GHS Prasad
Department of Fashion Management Studies
Shilpa A. Rajpal
MFM Semester I
When a buyer begins to call on the fabric suppliers, the fabric salespeople would ask a series of details about the fabrics that you are sourcing. Knowing what fabric type you want is not enough. A certain supplier could have that type of fabric but it may take six weeks for delivery and you need it in two. Or, there could be many other factors to look in to. Consequently, you need to be prepared to advise several details to the fabric suppliers, and to retrieve details from them, when you first begin searching. In addition to the fabric type you want; you need to advise the following data as well: * What the fabric is made of
* When you need the fabric
* How much you need of it
* Where you need it
* What colours or designs you want
* The weight you are looking for
* The width you need
* What the end use will be
* How much you want to pay for it.
WHAT THE FABRIC IS MADE OF?
The fiber content is the breakdown, in percentages, of the fiber types used in a fabric. The fibers are the raw materials that make up the yarn that is then knitted or woven into the fabric. There are natural fiber fabrics (i.e.: 100% cotton), synthetic fiber fabrics (i.e.: 100% nylon), and blended fiber fabrics (i.e.: 90% cotton/10% nylon). For blended fiber fabrics, the percentage of each fiber are by weight, and the fibers are listed in descending order. The fiber or fibers a fabric is made of greatly influences the characteristics of that fabric, and therefore the garment or item that fabric eventually is made into. The fiber content affects the hand, drape, quality, durability, appearance, care and comfort of a fabric. And, in turn affects the quality, durability, appearance, care and comfort of the item or items the fabric is used for. Fiber content also affects how the items sell, as customers often have pre-conceived notions of certain fibers and will or will not buy an item based on fiber content. This is important to keep in mind, as by law, the fiber content of the fabric or textile products used in an item must appear on the tag and/or label at the point of sale. WHEN YOU NEED THE FABRIC?
A lead time is the latency or delay between the initiation and execution of a process. A more conventional definition of lead time is the time from the moment the customer places an order (the moment you learn of the requirement) to the moment it is received by the customer. In the absence of finished goods or intermediate (work in progress) inventory, it is the time it takes to actually manufacture the order without any inventory other than raw materials. In the manufacturing environment, it also includes the time required to ship the parts from the supplier. The shipping time is included because the manufacturing company needs to know when the parts will be available for material requirements planning. It is also possible for lead time to include the time it takes for a company to process and have the part ready for manufacturing once it has been received. The time it takes a company to unload a product from a truck, inspect it, and move it into storage is non-trivial. With tight manufacturing constraints or when a company is using Just In Time manufacturing it is important for supply chain to know how long their own internal processes take. Lead time is made of:
* Preprocessing Lead Time (also known as "planning time" or "paperwork"): It represents the time required to release a purchase order (if you buy an item) or create a job (if you manufacture an item) from the time you learn of the requirement. * Processing Lead Time: It is the time required to procure or manufacture an item. * Postprocessing Lead Time: It represents the time to make a...