Tilak: Indian Independence Movement and Indian National Congress

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Dadabhai Naoroj
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The Honourable
Dadabhai Naoroji|
|
Dadabhai Naoroji, 1892|
Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for Finsbury Central|
In office
1892–1895|
Preceded by| Frederick Thomas Penton|
Succeeded by| William Frederick Barton Massey-Mainwaring| Majority| 3|
Personal details|
Born| 4 September 1826
Mumbai, India|
Died| 30 June 1917 (aged 91)
Versova, India|
Political party| Liberal|
Other political
affiliations| Indian National Congress|
Spouse(s)| Gulbaai|
Residence| London, United Kingdom|
Profession| Academic, political leader, MP, cotton trader| Committees| Legislative Council of Mumbai|
Religion| Zoroastrianism|
Dadabhai Naoroji () (4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917), known as the Grand Old Man of India, was a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political and social leader. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895, and the first Asian to be a British MP.[1] Naoroji is also credited with the founding of the Indian National Congress, along with A.O. Hume and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha. His book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India brought attention to the draining of India's wealth into Britain. Today the Dadabhai Naoroji Road, a heritage road of Mumbai, is named after him. Also, the Dadabhoy Naoroji Road in Karachi, Pakistan is also named after him as well as Naoroji Street in the Finsbury area of London. A prominent residential colony for central government servants in the south of Delhi is also named Nauroji Nagar. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Career * 2 Drain Theory and Politics * 3 Works * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links| -------------------------------------------------

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Career1825-1873
At the early age of 25, he was appointed leading Professor at the Elphinstone Institution in 1850, becoming the first Indian to hold such an academic position.[2] Being an Athornan (ordained priest), Naoroji founded the Rahnumae Mazdayasne Sabha on 1 August 1851 to restore the Zoroastrian religion to its original purity and simplicity. In 1854, he also founded a fortnightly publication, the Rast Goftar , to clarify Zoroastrian concepts. By 1855 he was Professor of Mathematicsand Natural philosophy in Mumbai. He travelled to London in 1855 to become a partner in Cama & Co, opening a Liverpool location for the first Indian company to be established in Britain. In 1859, he established his own cotton trading company, Naoroji & Co.[3] Later, he became professor of Gujarati atUniversity College London 1874-1917

In 1874, he became Prime Minister of Baroda and was a member of the Legislative Council of Mumbai (1885–88). He was also a member of the Indian National Association founded by Sir Surendranath Banerjee  few years before the founding of the Indian National Congress(inc) in Bombay, with the same objectives and practices. The two groups later merged into the INC, and Naoroji was elected President of the Congress in 1886. Naoroji published Poverty and un-British Rule in India in 1901. Elected for theLiberal...
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