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PURCHASING and SOURCING MANAGEMENT MODULE 2 ASSIGNMENT

HUI KA SHING ALAN

1. Discuss the terms: strategy, supply chain management, change and leadership.

Strategy can be defines as a high level plan to achieve one or more goal under conditions of uncertainty. Strategy can also define as the determination of the basic long-term goals and objectives of an enterprise, and the adoption of courses of action and the allocation of resources for carrying out these goals (Chandler 1962). Therefore, strategy is critically related to supply chain management while leadership has the strategy for managing change and innovation.

Supply management must develop and manage the firm's supply strategy as an integrated whole instead of a series of unrelated strategies. The corporation's strategy is the keen driver of the supply strategy. The technology, marketing, finance, and production strategies are all inputs to the supply strategy. Conversely, the supply strategy is an input to the corporation's strategies for technology, marketing, finance and production. Supply chain management is a business strategy in which trading partners along the supply chain. Different partners in the supply chain have to jointly commit to work closely together. Such action will bring greater value to the customer and with the least possible supply chain cost and time.

Supply chain management consists of all parties involved, directly or indirectly, in fulfilling customer requests. It is a network of facilities including material supply from suppliers. Supply chain also is a transformation of materials to semi-finished and finished products then the distribution of these products to customers. So basically supply chain management is a set of approaches utilized to efficiently integrate supplier, manufacturers, warehouses, and stores, so that merchandise is produced and distributed at the right quantities to the right locations and at the right time in quantities, to the right locations, and at the right time, in orders to minimize system wide costs while satisfying service level requirements.

Therefore, supply chain strategy should not simply be a linear derivate of the business strategy. As best, supply chain strategy can be the enabler of the business strategy. If the business strategy is to be the low cost provide, the supply chain strategy should support this. And just like when developing a business strategy, company should focus on competencies, means of differentiation when developing a supply chain strategy. Being able to strategically source parts at an attractive price may support both supply chain strategy and business strategy. Focusing on supply chain competencies and leverage advantages. Concentrate on a particular market or segment in which to gain supply chain efficiencies. Furthermore, to differentiate operational by providing lower costs to customers or providing services that other industry players are unable to do.

A successful leadership cans simply breaks into five practices which include ability to challenge the process, inspire a shared vision, and enable other to act, model the way and encourage the heart. As implementing an integrated supply chain management strategy (change) knows that one of the greatest challenges it faces is the significant change in internal culture that is require to make the supply chain redesign successful. Since it is not an easy thing, to re-condition people to accept change, especially in organizations where a certain mindset has prevailed for many years. A strong and successful leadership maybe to accomplish the change and it can be implemented successfully when directly by a strong and knowledgeable leader, who understands the tools available for achieving positive change, as well as their role in initiating and sustaining these changes.

Changes in an enterprise are often very confusing to deploy. With so many effective tools...
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