Three Models of Ultimate Reality

Topics: René Descartes, Philosophy, Immanuel Kant Pages: 8 (1734 words) Published: December 8, 2014
1. There are three major models of ultimate reality. Which of the three models supports the claim that right and wrong do not exist but that the strong person/group gets his/their way? a. Materialism

b. Pantheism
c. Transcendence

2. There are three major models of ultimate reality. Which of the three models supports the claim that right and wrong do exist in an absolute sense? a. Materialism
b. Pantheism
c. Transcendence

3. There are three major models of ultimate reality. Which of the three models supports the claim that we are beyond morality, that morality is a moot point? a. Materialism
b. Pantheism
c. Transcendence

4. We use logic in philosophy first because the first philosophers actually based philosophy on logic and second because of the logical nature of reality. True
False

5. Which of the following principles/logical fallacies claims that if you have two contradictory statements, at least one must be false logically? a. Noncontradiction
b. Inappropriate authority
c. Equivocation
d. Straw Man

6. Which of the following principles/logical fallacies uses words imprecisely in order to prove or disprove a clai? a. Noncontradiction
b. Inappropriate authority
c. Equivocation
d. Straw Man

7. Which of the following principles/logical fallacies claims that the speaker has no credibility or credentials in the area being discussed? a. Noncontradiction
b. Inappropriate authority
c. Equivocation
d. Straw Man

8. Which of the following principles/logical fallacies creates an evil and false image of the person and then attacks that evil/false image instead of the real person? a. Noncontradiction
b. Inappropriate authority
c. Ad hominem
d. Straw Man

9. Epistemology, the study of knowledge, is concerned primarily about the ways we get knowledge AND developing confidence in knowledge. a. True
b. False

10. Which of the following is NOT one of the 5 basic ways in which we get knowledge? a. sensory perception
b. osmosis
c. memory
d. logic
e. intuition

11. Who is known as the Father of Modern Philosophy?
a. Renee Descartes
b. Rene Descarts
c. Rene Descertes
d. Rene Descartes

12. According to Descartes there was one thing he knew for sure: the fact that he was thinking meant the thinker existed since thoughts only come from a thinker. a. True
b. False

13. What is meant by Cartesian certainty?
a. Knowledge which can be proved 100% to be true.
b. Knowledge which can be proved 90% to be true.
c. Knowledge which can be proved 50% to be true.
d. None of the above.

14. Why did Descartes reject sensory perception as a means of obtaining knowledge? a. You can’t always trust your senses.
b. Your senses cannot give you 100% indubitable knowledge.
c. Your senses sometimes play tricks on you.
d. All the above

15. What do we call the four foundational elements Descartes claimed was necessary to have knowledge (God, Logic, Math, and Morals)? a. Logical knowledge
b. Sensory Perceptional knowledge
c. Innate knowledge
d. Intuitive knowledge

16. John Locke rejected Descartes’ emphasis on logic but accepted his claim that God, Logic, Math, and Morals were necessary foundations to gain knowledge. a. True
b. False

17. David Hume claimed that since information through the senses was based upon an ever changing environment, he was so skeptical that he was even skeptical of his own skepticism. a. True
b. False

18. Immanuel Kant claimed that although we don’t really know what lies outside us, we still all see everything the same way because we all think the same way, in terms of space and time. a. True
b. False

19. Although Kant claimed that we all thought the same way, he nevertheless claimed that we should still all have different morals. a. True
b. False

20. The problem claiming that logic should be the only way in which we should get knowledge is/are a. Two people can use logic and still come to different conclusions. b. If the brain malfunctions using...
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