The Three High Renaissance Masters
A look at Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael
➢ Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian artist and scientist who lived between 1452-1519. ➢ Leonardo was the original Renaissance man, whose roles included inventor, engineer, architect, mathematician, geologist, and astronomer. ➢ While he is best known as a painter, Leonardo primarily worked for the military producing designs of tanks, airplanes, and submarines, hundreds of years before such war machines were invented. ➢ He is also famous for his muscles and bone sketches of the human body. ➢ He avoided philosophy and literature.
➢ He was intrigued by the effects of water and wind on the environment. ➢ He was also preoccupied with the interrelated effects of perspective, light, color, and optics. ➢ Leonardo refined the art of modeling the figure in light and in dark developed by Masaccio and codified the rules of atmospheric perspective.
➢ For three years, 1495-1498, Leonardo labored (and detailed) at the task of completing this work. ➢ Leonardo believed that the most important work of an artist lie in conception rather than in execution. ➢ He would sit for hours without painting a single stroke. ➢ Leonardo hunted for faces and heads through Milan that might represent Apostles. ➢ Leonardo depicted a very powerful physiological moment.
➢ In 1503, Leonardo returned to Florence where he spent three years painting the portrait of a Florentine official’s wife, the painting Mona Lisa. ➢ This portrait “became the face that launched a thousand reams upon a sea of ink”. ➢ The innovation of the half-length, three-quarter pose. ➢ When the sittings ended, Leonardo kept the picture, claiming that this, his most famous portrait, “was still incomplete”. ➢ Later Leonardo spent less and less time on painting, spending more time on geometry.
➢ Michelangelo was born on...
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