Key Players and Participants
John Savage was the American dam expert that surveyed the area and drew up a proposal for the project. John Savage was the American dam expert that surveyed the area and drew up a proposal for the project. Sum Yat-sen was the first person to envision a dam across the Yangtze River. Sum Yat-sen was the first person to envision a dam across the Yangtze River. The Three Gorges Dam was first mentioned in 1919 by Sun Yat-sen in his “Plan to Develop Industry. The dam would go across the Yangtze River and would improve navigation and would make better use of the water resources the river provides. He said it would generate up to 30 million horsepower. Little more was thought of the dam until 1931 when massive flooding along the Yangtze River killed thousands of people. This lead to the Nationalist Government led by Chiang Kai-shek to start developing plans for the dam in 1932. After another massive flood in 1935 that killed thousands more the Japanese Military forces had the land surveyed and the Otani plan was designed in 1939. In 1944 the Republic of China invited John Savage of the United States Bureau of Reclamation to come and survey the area to identify a site for building. He drew up a proposal for the project that had a five stage ship lock system which was significantly different than the initial design. In 1946 the Republic of China signed an agreement with the United States to jointly design the dam. No progress was made because the Nationalist Government terminated all the design work in 1947 because of high inflation and a crumbling economy. Mao Zedong stated that the only way to control flooding was with a dam. Mao Zedong stated that the only way to control flooding was with a dam.
After the Communist revolution began in the late 1940s flooding again devastated the area and Mao Zedong was presented with an outline of building reservoirs along...
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