Thomas Hardy

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Profesorado Superior de Lenguas Vivas
Teacher’s name: Susana Company
Thomas Hardy
Thomas Hardy was born in June the 2nd in 1840 in Higher Bockhampton, a hamlet in the parish of Stinsford to the east of Dorchester in Dorset, England; and died in January the 11th in 1928 due pleurisy in December 1927. He was an English novelist, poet and a Victorian realist in the tradition of George Eliot; he was influenced both in his novels and in his poetry by Romanticism, especially William Wordsworth. Charles Dickens was another important influence, he was highly critical of much in Victorian society, though Hardy focused more on a declining rural society. As Hardy's family lacked the means for a university education, his formal education ended at the age of sixteen when he became apprenticed to James Hicks, a local architect. He enrolled as a student at King's College, London and he won prizes from the Royal Institute of British Architects and the Architectural Association. In 1870 while on an architectural mission to restore the parish church of St Juliot in Cornwall, Hardy met and fell in love with Emma Lavinia Gifford, whom he married in 1874. Her death in 1912 had a traumatic effect on him. On a trip to Cornwall to revisit places linked with their courtship, and his Poems 1912–13 reflect upon her death. In 1914, Hardy married his secretary Florence Emily Dugdale, who was 39 years his junior. However, he remained preoccupied with his first wife's death and tried to overcome his remorse by writing poetry. Novels

His first collection was published until 1898, and he gained fame as the author of novels, including Far from the Madding Crowd (1874), The Mayor of Casterbridge(1886), Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891), and Jude the Obscure (1895). Most of his fictional works – initially published as serials in magazines – were set in the semi-fictional region of Wessex. He based on the medieval Anglo-Saxon kingdom. Hardy's first novel, The Poor Man and the Lady, finished by 1867, failed to find a publisher.  Desperate Remedies (1871) and Under the Greenwood Tree (1872) were published anonymously. In 1873 A Pair of Blue Eyes, a novel drawing on Hardy's courtship of his first wife was published under his own name. Far from the Madding Crowd (1874)

The Woodlanders (1887)
Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891)
Two on a Tower, a romance story set in the world of astronomy. Literary themes
Hardy criticises certain social constraints that hindered the lives of those living in the 19th century. Considered a Victorian realist, he examines the social constraints that are part of the Victorian status quo, suggesting these rules hinder the lives of all involved and ultimately lead to unhappiness. Hardy’s characters often encounter crossroads, which are symbolic of a point of opportunity and transition. But the hand of fate is an important part of many of Hardy's plots. Hardy's main characters often seem to be in the overwhelming and overpowering grip of fate. Poetry

In 1898 Hardy published his first volume of poetry, Wessex Poems, a collection of poems written over 30 years. Hardy is now recognised as one of the greatest poets of the twentieth century. His verse had a profound influence on later writers, such as Philip Larkin, who included many of Hardy's poems in the edition of the Oxford Book of Twentieth Century English Verse that Larkin edited in 1973.Most of Hardy's poems, such as "Neutral Tones'" and "A Broken Appointment", deal with themes of disappointment in love and life, and mankind's long struggle against indifference to human suffering. In some poems he explored the use of irony. A particularly strong theme in the Wessex Poems is the long shadow that the Napoleonic Wars cast over the nineteenth century, for example, in "The Sergeant's Song" and "Leipzig".A few of Hardy's poems, such as "The Blinded Bird" (a melancholy polemic against the sport of vinkenzetting), display his love of the natural world and his firm stance against animal...
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