Topics: Thomas Aquinas, Augustine of Hippo, Metaphysics Pages: 2 (658 words) Published: March 10, 2013
Thomas Aquinas was the greatest Christian theologian of the Middle Ages. He translates the work of Aristotle to Christian view. He adds spiritual virtues of faith, love and hope in his work. For him, Natural law prescribes the fundamental precepts of morality and is grasped through reason and conscience. In addition, he believes that it is a law situated within God's Eternal Law. Saint Thomas thinks the existence of God can be proved. His perspective towards morality is relatively close to Aristotle’s. Thought on justice which leads him to distinguish between distributive justice. It divides the honors, riches, and also the commutative justice which is the rule that economic exchanges under the equal proportion principle. Thomas believes that theological discourse begins with what God has revealed about Himself and his action in creating and redeeming the world. On Philosophical discourse, it begins with knowledge of the world, and if it is speaks of God, what it says is conditioned by what is known of the world. Furthermore, Aquinas' Argument from Motion begins with the empirical observation of motion in the world and that "Whatever is moved is moved by another”. Also, he distinguished three types of Law. The natural law guides and orders natural being’s actions towards their respective aims. The s the law established by the States, but it must be the expression of the natural law, and therefore must not be conventional. Lastly, the eternal law is eternal and immutable because its origin is God. God orders all actions, human and not human, towards their aims. In our society, people also believes in what God tells us. For example the RH Bill. Some people are against the bill due to the fact that God told us about the importance of life. Also, he wants us to do what is right and avoid what is wrong.

St. Augustine
Saint Augustine is a philosopher which philosophy is infused Christian doctrine with Neoplatonism. He is famous for being an inimitable...
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