This Research Paper explores the intricacies of technology, training and education as related to economic development. We will examine the usage of technology to generate economic development and growth and look at how technology can and has impacted our education, training and development both in Jamaica and the Caribbean region.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents3
What is Technology?4
How Technology fits into the 21st Century Landscape5
Technology transfer to the Caribbean8
Measurement of technology transfer8
Innovation v/s Invention9
Innovation in Science and Technology Awards10
Innovation in education within Jamaica12
UTech's Technology Innovation Center13
Use of technology to generate Economic Development14
Industrial & Agricultural Technological development in the region15 The Scientific Research Council and Applicable Local Technologies17 Joint venture19
When are joint ventures used?19
Reasons for forming a joint venture20
Governments provision to suitable incentives for innovators21 Seamless Movement of Trained Graduates32
The males approach to further education hindering economic development33 Enrolment by Gender and Degree Programme in Public Universities 1990-199535 Bibliography36
What is Technology?
During the previous century and well into the twenty first century (dubbed the "Knowledge Era"), technology has evolved to the point where it is now synonymous to numerous terminologies. Technology can be termed as Objects similar to tools, machines, instruments, weapons; as Knowledge similar to technological know-how and innovation; as Activities similar to skills, methods, procedures; as a Process which begins with a need and ends with a solution and finally as a Socio-technical System which occurs through the manufacture and use of objects involving people and other objects in combination. entrepreneurship
Technology is a word with origins in the Greek word technologia (τεχνολογία), techno (τέχνη) "craft" and logia (λογία) "saying." It is a broad term dealing with the use and knowledge of humanity's tools and crafts.
Categorically speaking technology is the process by which humans modify nature and the environment to meet their needs and wants. Most people, however, think of technology in terms of its artifacts: computers and software, aircraft, pesticides, water-treatment plants, birth-control pills, and microwave ovens, to name a few. But it is more than these tangible products; it is the technical means people use to improve their surroundings. It should also be noted that the knowledge and processes used to create and to operate technological artifacts -- engineering know-how, manufacturing expertise, and various technical skills -- are equally important parts of technology.
How Technology fits into the 21st Century Landscape
Diagram showing the flow of Technology through Civilization
The above diagram from Harvard University School of Engineering illustrates the relationship between technology and civilization over the centuries, here it can be seen why the terms technology' and civilization' are sometimes synonymous.
In this the "Knowledge era" the focus is usually on employment, industrial productivity, increased standard of living/enhanced lifestyle, etc. The following are a few examples of advances in technology within the Caribbean.
Americas Region Caribbean Optical-ring System ("ARCOS"), is an undersea broadband fiber-optic cable network which supports the Flow Network. Flow provides Digital Cable, Landline and High Speed Internet to several Caribbean countries bringing exposure to the outside world through Cable TV; and mass communication through the telephone and internet. This infrastructure can undoubtedly be used as a tool or...