Class 9, NCERT Guide for Social Science (Economics)
Chapter 1, Understanding Economics
THE STORY OF PALAMPUR
CBSE Sample (Hot) Questions (following latest CCE scheme of CBSE)
Q.1: What are the factors of production (resources required for production)?
Answer: These are Land, Labour, Physical capital and Human capital. The Physical capital include: (a) Fixed capital i.e. man-made items like tools, machineries, buildings etc. (b) Working capital i.e. raw materials and money in hand.
Q.2: What is the main production activity in Palampur?
Answer: Farming is the main production activity in Palampur. Nearly 75 percent people of this village depend on farming activities.
Q.3: What is ‘multiple cropping’?
Answer: To grow more than one crop on a piece of land during the same year is called as ‘Multiple cropping’.
Q.4: Who are farm labourers?
Answer: Farm labourers are those villagers who belong to either landless families or families cultivating small plots. Unlike farmers they have no right over the crops. They get only wages in the form of cash or kind.
Q.5: What are the differences between ‘multiple cropping’ and ‘modern farming methods’?
Answer: The two major ways of increasing production and production yield are ‘Multiple cropping’ and ‘Modern farming methods’. The difference between these two methods is -
Multiple Cropping: To grow more than one crop on a piece of land during the same year is called as ‘Multiple cropping’. With the improvement of irrigational facilities as a result of better availability of electricity, farmers are able to grow two main crops i.e. Kharif (rice, millets, maze etc.) and Rabi crops (wheat, barley, etc.). Many farmers are also growing a third crop i.e. potato, in between these two.
Modern Farming Methods: In some parts of the country like Punjab, Haryana etc. farmers have...