This essay will demonstrate my knowledge and understanding of the contribution to qualitative research to Psychology through the discussion of published qualitative research.
Firstly, what is qualitative research and how does this differ from qualitative research? According to Smith “Qualitative analysis is concerned with describing the constituent properties of an entity” whereas “Qualitative analysis is involved in determining how much of the entity there is” (Smith et al., 2008 p.1)
Quantitative research is any data that is in numerical from such as statistics, percentages etc. Quantitative research compels a drop of phenomena to numbers for statistical analysis. This type of research is mostly interested in adding the number of incidents, the size, or amount of connections between individuals, objects or things, rather than interpreting a person’s social experience. The process of measurement is central to quantitative research because it provides the fundamental connection between empirical observation and mathematical expression of quantitative relationships. The object of quantitative research is to develop and employ mathematical theories or hypothesis pertaining to the phenomena. (Smith et al., 2008) Qualitative research presents a more deep informative interpretation of the social phenomena under examination through collection of data from real-life verbal reports – for example, interview transcripts or written accounts therefore interpreting what a piece of text means or what a person is saying in an interview rather than finding the statistical properties of it. This interpretation or analysis is then expressed through comprehensive tidings of participant’s experiences insights and perceptions of phenomena. Qualitative researchers try to figure out human emotional behaviours and the meaning of events (Smith et al 2008). According to Smith “Qualitative approaches in Psychology are generally engaged with experiencing, describing and interpreting the personal and social experiences of participants” (Smith et al,. 2008 p. 2) This will to be shown in details in the Study.
The Qualitative study that will be discussed in this paper is “Having a sibling with schizophrenia” Barnable, Gaudine, Bennett and Meadus (2006).
Schizophrenia is one of the most major health problems facing contemporary society (Barrowclough et al., 1992). Very little interest has been given to the happenings of people with siblings suffering from schizophrenia. The intention of the article was to tackle this by investigation the effect of having a sibling with schizophrenia.
The study was conducted by Alexia Barnable, Alice Gaudine and Lorna Bennett from the Western Health Authority, Corner Brook in Canada. The study’s research question is “what is the lived experience of a sibling who has a brother or sister with schizophrenia”. The question suggests there will be a narrative interpretation of the data.
The type of qualitative research method used was called a phenomenological study. Phenomenology is associated with the ways in which humans learn knowledge of the world around them. The study was explored using hermeneutic phenomenology. This was influenced by IPA, Interpretative Phenomological analysis. This is the research method used to grasp an interpretation of how participants see and experience the world (Smith et al., 2006). IPA admits that it is not possible to attain an individual’s private life however researchers are encouraged to act in a way so that the participants will tell their inside perspective. The aim is it get an understanding of another individuals feeling’s beliefs and judgement about the phenomena being examined. The analysis believes the story rhea person portrays, tells us about their personal feelings. This takes a relative approach which means there is no real truth. The researcher is interested in getting a deep understanding of personal and lived experience (Smith et al., 2006). Six...
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