16 June 1882
At 12:00 noon, Rizal arrived at Barcelona and boarded in the Fonda De España.
23 June 1882
In a letter, Rizal related to his parents his experiences during his trip from Port Said to Barcelona. In the same Letter, he requested them to send him a birth certificate and statement showing that he had parents in the Philippines.
18 August 1882
P. Leoncio Lopez of Calamba issued a certified copy of Rizal’s birth certificate.
20 August 1882
His article "Amor Patrio" was published in the Diarong Tagalog, a Manila newspaper edited by Basilio Teodoro. This was the First article he wrote abroad.| | | |
Leonor Rivera Kipping (11 April 1867 – 28 August 1893) was the childhood sweetheart, and “lover by correspondence” of Philippine national hero José Rizal. Rivera was the “greatest influence” in preventing Rizal from falling in love with other women while Rizal was traveling outside the Philippines. Rivera's romantic relationship with Rizal lasted for eight years. She was immortalized by Rizal as the characterMaría Clara in the Spanish-language novel Noli Me Tangere. Her original hometown is in Camiling, Tarlac.
“EL AMOR PATRIO”
Rizal’s first essay, “The Love of Country,” was written when he was 21 and newlyarrived in Madrid. It was published under the name of “Laong Laan” on 20 August 1882 in Diarong Tagalog,”
a Philippine newspaper, then on 31 October 1890 in
Madrid.This essay is a poignant dissertation of what Rizal calls a “beautiful but hackneyedsubject,” love of country. In crystallizing his concept on love of country, Rizal reveals a foretasteof the style and substance of his novels. He could have had Maria Clara and Sisa in mreind whenhe described the country as “enveloped in morning clouds and mist, always beautiful and poetic,and the more idolized by her sons when they are absent and far away from her.”Love of country is the purest, most heroic and most sublime human sentiment. It isgratitude, it is affection for everything that reminds us of something of the first days of our life; itis the land where our ancestors are sleeping. Love of country is never effaced once it has penetrated the heart, because it carries with it a divine stamp which renders it eternal andimperishable. Of all loves, that of country is the greatest, the most heroic and the mostdisinterested. Some have sacrificed for her their youth, their pleasures; others have dedicated toher the splendors of their genius; others shed their blood; all have died, bequeathing to their Motherland an immense future: liberty and glory.This idea of dying for the country reverberated in Rizal’s writings. In a letter to MarianoPonce, he declared:If one has to die, at least one must die in his own country, by his country and for hiscountry.A year later, Rizal decided to return to the Philippines, the first step that would ultimatelylead to his death for country:I believe that it is now the opportune time for me to return to the Philippines and sharewith them all the dangers. For I have always been of the opinion that I can do more in mycountry than abroad. What good have I done in these three years, and what evil had occurred because I was in my country.”
* Rizal's First Trip Abroad
* 3 May 1882
Rizal left Philippines for the first time Spain. He boarded the Salvadora using a passport of Jose Mercado, which was procured for him by his uncle Antonio Rivera, father of Leonor Rivera. He was accompanied to the quay where the Salvadora was moored by his uncle Antonio, Vicente Gella, and Mateo Evangelista. * 15 June 1882
He left Marseilles for Barcelona in an express train.
* Rizal in Barcelona, Spain
* 20 August 1882
His article "Amor Patrio" was published in the Diarong Tagalog, a Manila newspaper edited by Basilio Teodoro. This was the First article he wrote abroad. * Rizal in Madrid, Spain
* 2 September 1882
Rizal matriculated at the...