In society, the need for government arises as human tendencies become evident. Following Hobbesian principles, when a human lives without governmental principles, they are in a natural state. In a natural state, there are no laws to restrain mankind, and destruction along with the incessant pursuit of power take hold of many individuals. The boys on the island existed in this natural state and were promptly forced to establish a government. In William Golding's Lord of the Flies, the littleuns leave Ralph's democratic government to establish a Hobbesian commonwealth under the guidance of Jack.
A Hobbesian commonwealth consists of a multitude of people who together consent to a sovereign authority, established by contract to have absolute power over them all for the primary purposes of providing peace and common defense. Ralph is first put in a leadership position because of his possession of the conch. "Let him be chief with the trumpet thing (22)." Jack himself, is seen as a natural leader among the littluns and even biguns like Ralph because of his establishment as the top choirboy and his natural ruling presence. "Ralph picked out Jack easily...inevitably leading the procession (68)." Since Ralph was quickly chosen in the beginning when the natural state had not quite set in for the littluns, Ralph was democratically appointed when their original ideals were still not lost. But even though Ralph had elements of democracy on his side when he came into power, Jack was already eager to defy this democratic system.
Ralph: "I'm chief. I was chosen. "
Jack: "Why should choosing make any difference (78)?"
Jack serves to introduce these savage ideals as he integrates hunting as a well-respected and important position. Jack also overstates the importance of meat as though death would ensue...