An Undergraduate Thesis
The Faculty of the College of Nursing
University of Perpetual Help System DALTA
Molino, Bacoor Cavite
In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Degree
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
CHARMAINE ROSE P. CABIGUNDADIVINE GRACE M. HIFARVA
ARIEL F. DELA PENA SHIELD LYN B. MALANO
FRANCIS T. MONTEHERMOSO
This thesis entitled “The Level of Awareness and Practice in the Prevention of HIV/AIDS among Young Adult in Selected Areas in Cavite”, prepared and submitted by, Charmaine Rose P. Cabigunda, Ariel F. Dela Pena, Divine Grace M. Hifarva, Shield Lyn B. Malano, Francis T. Montehermoso, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing, has been examined and is recommended for acceptance and approval for Title Colloquium.
Lerma B. Malubag RN, MAN
THESIS REVIEW PANEL
Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination with a grade of ____________.
LERMA B. MALUBAG, RN, MAN MARY ANN L. GAN, RN, MAN
FRANCISCO B. SOSA Jr., RN, MAN
Dean, College of Nursing
Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree Bachelor of Science in Nursing:
THE PROBLEM AND REVIEW OF
RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
"AIDS destroys families, decimates communities and, particularly in the poorest areas of the world, threatens to destabilize the social, cultural, and economic fabric of entire nations." * Rabbi David Saperstein
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) grows and evolves rapidly. HIV permanently inserts its genome into the genome of the infected cell and from there continues to make new viruses. Left untreated, the virus destroys important immune system cells. The resulting condition, AIDS or “Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome,” increases the chance that the infected person will get life-threatening infections even with organisms that would not normally cause disease. (UNAIDS. 2002. Report on the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic: July 2002. Geneva: UNAIDS) According to the 2010 UNAIDS Global Report, out of 63 countries, Philippines is one of the seven countries with increasing HIV cases together with Armenia, Bangladesh, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan. All other countries report stable or decreasing infection rates. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection rates in the Philippines have increased nearly five-fold between 2007 and 2010, from 342 newly reported infections in 2007 to 1,591 in 2010. Newly reported infections among young people 15 to 24 years of age, however, increased 10-fold over the same period (from 41 in 2007 to 489 in 2010). The Department of Health (DOH) stated that Angeles, Metro Manila, Cavite, Bulacan, Bacolod and Davao have the most number of people who got the infection. Provincial Health Officers (PHO) said that Cavite ranked second, after National Capitol Region (NCR), with the most number of “People Living with HIV” (PLHIV) in the country. PHO Medical Officer III Doctor Gerardo S. Alcantara said that Cavite has an accumulated 185 HIV-AIDS cases, based on 1984-2010 records obtained from DOH. The number of PLHIV in Cavite has reached an alarming state, which should be given concern and addressed by all. (http://www.mb.com.ph/articles/296941/cavite-steps-battle-vs-hivaids) Currently, about a third of all new infections occur in young people aged 15-24 years old. Half of the population in the country is younger than 21 years and at least 6.3% of teenagers (15-19 years old) have already begun child bearing. Overall prevalence of pre-marital sexual activity increased from 18% to 23% between 1994 and 2002. While no one is completely free of the risk of acquiring HIV, some young people have a higher risk of infection. Substantial peer pressure for risk...