Importance of the Study
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus Linn.) belongs to the family of cucurbits or cucurbitaceae. It is a warm season crop that matures relatively in a short period of time. Cucumber can be grown on almost any kind of good soil. A light heavy and well drained soil, which contains an abundance of organic matter, is favorable for growing cucumber. In the Philippines, cucumber is known as “pipino”. The fruits are processed into sweet pickles and in many cases it is eaten raw as salad. Cucumber fruit is said to have a cleansing property for skin blemishes. Considering its importance in food industry, the need to develop a technology to increase its production becomes necessary. Cucumber can produce bigger and more fruits when it is applied with fertilizer. There are two kinds of fertilizers that can be used, the organic and inorganic or commercial fertilizer. Nowadays, many farmers depend on using commercial fertilizers but using this can make the soil acidic. Organic fertilizers such as: chicken dung, cow manure, pig manure, decomposed rice straws and particularly the vermicasting is recommended by many scientists. Vermi-composting, also called vermicasting, is the process of composting organic wastes through earthworms. By using this compost, soil will become productive because earthworms can enhance the soil fertility so that the plants are capable of growing vigorously. Many scientists considered earthworms as plant growth promoter. With the use of the vermi-composting method, farmers can gain more profit instead of using commercial and expensive fertilizers. The levels will serve as basis of comparison and to be able to determine which of the level of application will perform better. This will also help the researcher recommend which of the amount tested will give the greatest performance in terms of growth and yield. Vermi-composting is an organic fertilizer commonly used in the current farming practices or technologies which are being introduced to be able to avoid and minimize pollution to our environment. This will help strengthen the practice inorganic application of fertilizer and shift to the traditional methods.
Objectives of the Study
This study was primarily conducted to find out the growth and yield performance of cucumber as affected by the application of the different levels of vermi-compost.
Specifically, this study aimed to answer the following questions: 1. To determine the effect of using the different levels of vermi-compost to cucumber plants with reference to length of vines and number of lateral branches. 2. Which level of vermi-compost that will give the best yield of cucumber with respect to a) average number of fruits per plot, b) percentage number of marketable fruits per plot, c) number of marketable fruits per plant, and d) weight of marketable fruits per plant.
Scope and Delimitation of the Study
This study was limited to the growth and yield performance of cucumber as affected by the application of different levels of vermi-compost. The study consisted of four treatments with each treatment replicated three times. The treatments were as follows:
Treatment A – Control (Without Application)
Treatment B – 3 tons per ha of Vermi-compost
Treatment C – 5 tons per ha of Vermi-compost
Treatment D – 7 tons per ha of Vermi-compost
Time and Place of the Study
This study was conducted from November 20, 2011 to January 17, 2012 at the experimental site of Capiz State University, Pontevedra Campus.
Definition of Terms
The following terms were defined operationally to provide readers a clearer understanding of the study: Average number of fruits the total number of fruit produced in every plant in a hill. Basal application is a method of applying fertilizer two days before planting the seeds of cucumber. Big-C refers to the variety of cucumber...