17 November 2011
Thesis and Outline for the Final Paper
Thesis: Children affected with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) experience frustration trying to accomplish simple everyday tasks, but with the help of medication and the involvement of parents, educators, professionals, daycare providers, and oneself they are able to better control their actions and behaviors to achieve success.
I. What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
A. ADHD is the most diagnosed childhood neurological behavioral disorder.
B. ADHD is a behavioral condition that makes focusing on everyday tasks and
achieving simple goals difficult.
II. What are the factors in determining if a child has ADHD?
A. Children with ADHD have a hard time being organized, staying focused, thinking
before acting, sitting still, paying attention, and adapting.
B. ADHD patients many times will struggle socially in school and at home.
C. Children need to show symptoms in two or more settings.
1. One setting could be school.
2. One setting could be at home.
3. A third setting could be at a daycare.
III. What does the brain have to do with ADHD?
A. Neurotransmitters or chemical messengers are produced inside the brain.
1. One function that these help to control is attention.
2. Another function that they help control is impulsiveness.
B. Dopamine is produced to enhance signals, improve attention, improve focus, and other
IV. Exact causes of ADHD are not known, but some things have been determined to be a factor in helping to cause this disorder.
A. ADHD is a highly inheritable neurologically based condition.
1. Certain inherited genes have said to carry over into children of ADHD patients.
2. 25% of ADHD children’s parents are also diagnosed with this disorder.
B. Brain development, brain trauma from injury, or brain trauma from an illness such as
tumors/strokes can be a contributing factor to ADHD.
C. Some other factors that can contribute are lead exposure or alcohol/tobacco use during
V. The following can be diagnostic criteria’s for ADHD; 6 symptoms off of a list should persist for 6 months before being diagnosed.
A. The first list is the inattentive disorganized dimension.
1. Some symptoms include failure to notice details, trouble paying attention to
tasks, doesn’t listen, struggles organizing, or misplaces things for assignments. Grieve 2
2. The children are also easily distracted or forget easily.
B. The second one is the hyperactivity impulsivity dimension.
1. Some of these symptoms are fidgets with hands or feet, cannot stay seated,
restlessness, cannot do things quietly, talks excessively, or is always on the go.
2. They also have a tendency to blurt out answers before the question is finished,
cannot wait their turn, or interrupts others.
VI. Based on the research of these lists, there are 3 subtypes of ADHD.
A. Predominantly inattentive is when six symptoms of the 1st list appear. B. Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive is when 6 symptoms from the second type show.
C. Combined is when there are 6 symptoms of either list that are present in a person. VII. “Orchid Children” is an article written about the study of ADHD children.
A. Orchid children is when ADHD children are compared to an orchid because like orchids, they are fragile and fickle, but if given the proper care, they will thrive.
1. With the right environment and parenting, these children will happily, become
more creative, and more successful.
2. Early life experiences that are positive and a great parent bonding, gives them
the ability to feel like they can accomplish more.
B. Dandelion children are considered to represent the “normal” child because they are
more resilient and hardy to everyday...