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These are notes from Abnormal Psychology Class. The notes and def...

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These are notes from Abnormal Psychology Class. The notes and definitions would help anyone taking this or a similar class, or even general psychology. Lots of definitions here.

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Chapter 1 Key Terms

Psychopathology

The field concerned with the nature and development of mental disorders.

Normal Curve

A type of population distribution which depicts the majority of people being in the middle as far as any particular characteristic is concerned.

Clinicians

The various professionals authorized to provide psychological services.

Clinical psychologist

Requires a Ph.D. or Psy.D. degree.

Diagnosis

Techniques necessary to determine that a patient's symptoms or problems indicate a particular disorder.

Psychotherapy

A primarily verbal means of helping troubled individuals change their thoughts, feelings, and behavior to reduce distress and to achieve greater life satisfaction.

Psychiatrist

Holds and MD degree and has had postgraduate training (residency) in which he has received supervision in diagnoses and psychotherapy.

Psychoactive drugs

Chemical compounds that can change how people feel and think.

Psychoanalyst

Specially trained at a psychoanalytic institute

Psychiatric social worker

M.S.W. degree.

Counseling psychologist

Has completed Masters or Doctorate program

Psychopathologist

A diverse group that conduct research into the nature and development of the disorders that their therapist colleagues try to treat. Varied academic background.

Exorcism

The casting out of evil spirits by ritualistic chanting or torture.

Somatogenesis

The notion that something wrong with the soma (body) disturbs thought and action.

Psychogenesis

The belief that something is due to psychological origins.

Asylums

Places of confinement For the mentally ill.

Moral treatment

Sympathetic and attentive treatment provided for the mentally ill.

Syndrome

A tendency for a certain group of symptoms that run together within a disorder.

General paresis

The deterioration in mental and physical health, characterized by syphilis.

Germ theory

Disease is caused by...