These are notes from Abnormal Psychology Class. The notes and definitions would help anyone taking this or a similar class, or even general psychology. Lots of definitions here.

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Chapter 1 Key Terms

Psychopathology

The field concerned with the nature and development of mental disorders.

Normal Curve

A type of population distribution which depicts the majority of people being in the middle as far as any particular characteristic is concerned.

Clinicians

The various professionals authorized to provide psychological services.

Clinical psychologist

Requires a Ph.D. or Psy.D. degree.

Diagnosis

Techniques necessary to determine that a patient's symptoms or problems indicate a particular disorder.

Psychotherapy

A primarily verbal means of helping troubled individuals change their thoughts, feelings, and behavior to reduce distress and to achieve greater life satisfaction.

Psychiatrist

Holds and MD degree and has had postgraduate training (residency) in which he has received supervision in diagnoses and psychotherapy.

Psychoactive drugs

Chemical compounds that can change how people feel and think.

Psychoanalyst

Specially trained at a psychoanalytic institute

Psychiatric social worker

M.S.W. degree.

Counseling psychologist

Has completed Masters or Doctorate program

Psychopathologist

A diverse group that conduct research into the nature and development of the disorders that their therapist colleagues try to treat. Varied academic background.

Exorcism

The casting out of evil spirits by ritualistic chanting or torture.

Somatogenesis

The notion that something wrong with the soma (body) disturbs thought and action.

Psychogenesis

The belief that something is due to psychological origins.

Asylums

Places of confinement For the mentally ill.

Moral treatment

Sympathetic and attentive treatment provided for the mentally ill.

Syndrome

A tendency for a certain group of symptoms that run together within a disorder.

General paresis

The deterioration in mental and physical health, characterized by syphilis.

Germ theory

Disease is caused by infection of the body by small organisms.

Milieu therapy

The entire hospital becomes a therapeutic community. All ongoing activities and all its personnel become part of the treatment program. Appears to be a return to moral practices of the nineteenth century.

Cathartic method

Using hypnosis and talking to relieve mental disturbance. Relief and cure of symptoms thru recall of and event and release and reliving of the emotions causing disturbance.

Paradigm

The conceptual framework or approach within which a scientist works.

Chapter 2 Theoretical Perspective on Maladaptive Behavior

Lecture Notes

Nervous System

Central Nervous System

Brain

Hind Brain

Cerebellum

Balance and coordination

Medulla

Heartbeat and breathing

Pons

Connects hindbrain and midbrain

Reticular formation

Midbrain

Hearing and Sight

Forebrain

Corpus Callosum

Connects hemispheres

Cerebral Cortex

Logic and Language

Thalamus

Relay or routing station

All senses except smell stop here

Hypothalamus

Eating, drinking, emotions, sex, motivation

Limbic System

Emotions, memory, social behavior

Shock therapy can damage

Accident can damage

cause personality changes

Spinal Cord

Relay messages to and from the brain

Neuron

The basic unit of the nervous system

Sends and receives messages

Process information

Parts

Dendrites

Cell Body

Axon

Covered by Myelin Sheath

protects

speeds up processes

Terminal Branches

Terminal Buttons

Hold neurotransmitters

Synapse

Space between neurons

Point of communication

Biological Paradigm

Abnormal behavior is caused by deficit or damage to or in the Nervous

System

Psychodynamic Paradigm- Freud

Unconscious and Basic Instincts direct all behavior

Stages of Psychosexual Development

Oral Stage

Gratification thru mouth

Age 0-2

Anal Stage

Gratification thru anus

Potty training

Age 2-3

Phallic...
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