There Are Many Hospital Departments

Topics: Medicine, Kidney, Pain Pages: 5 (1732 words) Published: September 23, 2011
There are many hospital departments, staffed by a wide variety of healthcare professionals, with some crossover between departments. For example, physiotherapists often work in different departments and doctors often do the same, working on a general medical ward as well as an intensive or coronary care unit. Each department tends to be overseen by consultants in that specialty with a team of junior medical staff under them who are also interested in that specialty. Accident and emergency this department (sometimes called Casualty) is where you're likely to be taken if you've called an ambulance in an emergency. It's also where you should come if you've had an accident, but can make your own way to hospital. This department operates 24 hours a day, every day and are staffed and equipped to deal with all emergencies. Patients are assessed and seen in order of need, usually with a separate minor injuries area supported by nurses. Doctors in this department give anesthetics for operations. They are responsible for the provision of acute pain services (pain relief after an operation), chronic pain services (pain relief in long-term conditions such as arthritis), critical care services (pain relief for those who have had a serious accident or trauma), obstetric anesthesia and analgesia (epidurals in childbirth and anesthetic for Caesarean sections). Cardiology provides medical care to patients who have problems with their heart or circulation. It treats people on an inpatient and outpatient basis. Typical procedures performed include an electrocardiogram (ECG) and exercise tests to measure heart function, an echocardiogram is an ultrasound scan of the heart, scans of the carotid artery in your neck to determine stroke risk, 24-hour blood pressure tests, insertion of pacemakers, cardiac catheterization or coronary angiography to see if there are any blocks in your arteries. Critical care is also called intensive care; this unit is for the most seriously ill patients. It has a relatively small number of beds and is manned by specialist doctors and nurses, as well as by consultant anesthetists, physiotherapists and dietitians. Patients requiring intensive care are often transferred from other hospitals or from other departments in the same hospital. Diagnostic imaging which is also known as X-ray, this department provides a full range of diagnostic imaging services including general radiography (X-ray scans), scans for Accident and Emergency, mammography which is breast scans, ultrasound scans, angiography which is an X-ray of blood vessels, interventional radiology which is a minimally invasive procedures, to treat narrowed arteries, Computed Tomography or CT scanning which is a scan that shows cross sections of the body, Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI is a 3D scan using magnetic and radio waves. The Ear, Nose and Throat or ENT department provides care for patients with a variety of problems, including general ear, nose and throat diseases, neck lumps, cancers of the head and neck area, tear duct problems, facial skin lesions, balance and hearing disorders, snoring and sleep apnea, ear, nose and throat allergy problems, salivary gland diseases and voice disorders. Gastroenterology is run by consultants specializing in bowel-related medicine, this department investigates and treats upper and lower gastrointestinal disease, as well as diseases of the pancreas and bile duct system. This includes endoscopy and nutritional services. Sub-specialties include colerectal surgery, inflammatory bowel disease and swallowing problems. There are often endoscopy nurse specialists linked to a gastroenterology unit who are able to perform a wide range of bowel investigations. The general surgery ward covers a wide range of surgery and includes day surgery, thyroid surgery, kidney transplants, colon surgery, laparoscopic cholecystectomy or gallbladder removal, Endoscopy and breast surgery. Day surgery units have a high turnover of patients...
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