APPLICATION: THERAPEUTIC TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES
The redecision therapy model of the Gouldings (1979) is grounded within the framework of TA
theory, yet their methods are a combination of TA, Gestalt therapy, interactive group therapy,
cognitive behavior therapy, family therapy, and psychodrama. Realizing the importance of
combining the affective and the cognitive dimensions, the Gouldings draw heavily from TA
theory for cognitive structure, and they use Gestalt techniques to provide the emotional work that
breaks through the impasses clients often experience.
Following is a brief description of some of the more commonly used processes, procedures, and
techniques in TA practice. Most of them can be applied to both individual and group counseling.
Structural analysis is a tool by which a person becomes aware of the content and functioning of
his or her Parent, Adult, and Child. TA clients learn how to identify their own ego states.
Structural analysis helps them resolve patterns that they feel stuck with. It allows them to find
out which ego state their behavior is based on. With that knowledge they can determine their
Two problems related to the structure of personality can be considered by structural analysis:
contamination and exclusion. Contamination exists when the contents of one ego state are mixed
with those of another. For example, the Parent, the Child, or both may intrude within the
boundaries of the Adult ego state and interfere with the clear thinking and functioning of the
Adult. (Figure 1).
Contamination from the Parent is typically manifested through prejudiced ideas and attitudes;
contamination from the Child involves distorted perceptions of reality. When contamination of
the Adult by the Parent,...