Francis Bacon’s Four Idols vs. Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
Natural Selection is the process by which biologic traits become more and less common in a population due to consistent effects upon the survival or reproduction of their bearers. Charles Darwin states that evolution is based on three traits: variation, adaptation and the passing of the genes. That being said, Francis Bacon had released his “four idol” ideas in his writing “Novum Orgum,” which relate to Darwin’s Theory of Evolution.
I believe that Bacon’s first idol, the “idol of the tribe,” relates to Darwin the most because when people take in information; through any natural sense, it affects the physics on our sensory organs and influence our perceptions or how we see different situations. I believe that this specific idol plays into Darwin’s Natural Selection by people adapting to things they want to adapt to. Bacon once stated “all perceptions as well of the sense as of the mind are according to the measure of the man, not the universe. Bacon refers to “idols” as illusions or phantoms in his writings which makes sense due to how people perceive different things. An individual sees what it wants to see. The universe does not decide any of these senses, Bacon suggests. But it lets the senses decide for themselves based on the individual’s thoughts and point of views.
In Darwin’s “natural selection, the nature selects which characteristics flourish with population. The species does not choose which characteristics or traits it wants to bring into the new population, the laws of nature do. Darwin stated that the theory of evolution is not based on science, but on the “universal religion.” That statement means that nature itself determines what is going to happen, how it’s going to happen and when it’s going to happen. An individual has no say any whatsoever about the theory of evolution.
Now that I realize the idol that most likely agrees with Darwin’s “Theory of Evolution,” I...
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