According to Abrams the meaning of character are the persons presented in a dramatic or narrative work, who are interpreted by the reader as being edowed with moral and dispositional qualities that are expressed in what they say - the dialogue - and what they do - the action (198 1:2) Therefore characters are important element in the story. The stories always introduce their characters to give a description to the readers.
Character is commonly used in two ways (Stanton. 1965:17). The first is that character designates the individuals who appear in the story. The second is that character refers to the mixture of interests, desires, emotions, and moral principles that makes up each of these individuals. Character gives a certain situation or circlumstance in the story because he or she shows his or her emotions in it.
According to Hugh Holman and William Harmon. character is a complicated term that includes tile idea of the moral constitution of the human personality, the presence of moral uprightness, and the simpler notion of the presence of creatures in art that seem to be human beings of one sort or another (1986:81).
Characters can be divided into two kindly major or main character and minor character. Major character is the most important character in a story. Basically, a story is about this character, but he cannot stand on his own; he needs other characters to name tie story more convincing and lifelike. Minor characters are characters of less important than those the main (Koesnosoebroto, 1988:67).
A character can be either static or dynamic (Holman and Harmon, 1986:83).
A static character is one who changes little if at all. Things happen to such a character without things happening within. The pattern of action reveals the character rather than showing the character changing in response to the actions. A dynamic character is one who is modified by actions and experiences and one objective of... [continues]
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