Carl Jung’s Theory of Analytical Psychology
Psychology of Personality
A. M. Barnett
January 17, 2006
Carl Gustav Jung was bone July 26, 1875 (Feist and Feist, 2002). He was blessed to be surrounded by an educated family, including clergymen. Carl Jung as a young man was a colleague of Freud. His life’s work was exploring the unconscious. Freud’s theory of the unconscious made the unconscious sound unpleasant. It involved crazy desires, incestuous cravings, and frightening experiences that would come back to haunt a person. Based on Freud’s theory, one would understandably be terrified of making the unconscious conscious. Jung, equipped with a background in Freudian theory, and an infinite knowledge of mythology, religion, and philosophy, had the uncanny ability to make sense of the unconscious and its habit of revealing itself in symbolic form. Jung dreamed very lucid dreams and had occasional vision. Jung’s theory divided the psyche into the ego, the conscious mind, the personal unconscious, anything not presently conscious but can be, and the collective unconscious a kind of knowledge we are born with. Jung called the collective unconscious archetypes, which are similar to Freud’s theory of instincts. Jung’s theory of Analytical Psychology is prominent in the psychiatric field. His personality typology became very popular and was used to develop a paper-and pencil test call the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Two other personality measures are the Singer-Loomis Type Deployment Inventory and the Personal Preferences Self-Description Questionnaire. His original exploration of the phenomena of synchronicity evolved as a result of collaboration with Wolfgang Pauli. Jung’s idea of a mentally healthy person was one that was in touch with themselves, outer world, and one’s unconscious self. His theory of analytical psychology is used in cased studies and as a guide in the field of psychology today.
Carl Jung was the founder of the school of Analytical Psychology. He emphasized the importance of the individual and one’s racial and evolutionary development, in determining personality. He claimed the importance of the collective unconscious, the personal unconscious, complexes, and the concept of archetypes, introversion-extroversion, and the use of the word association tests (Lane, Quintar, & Goeltz, 1998). Freud and Jung were the two most influential pioneers in the development of psychological treatments based on depth psychology. They both emphasized the notions of the mind having many unconscious aspects. These notions were essential and have had the most lasting impact (Ekstrom, 2004). Jung’s longing to bring religion and science together was possibly the strongest drive to influence his explorations of the unconscious. Jung’s father was a protestant preacher who felt that his son had lost his faith. One of the personal reasons Jung wanted to explore the unconscious was his hope to find ways of restoring that faith. He compared the unconscious to the ideas of powers and gods that make things like dreams happen and other things that somehow arises of its own accord. Jung’s exploration of the unconscious began to flourish soon after his break with Freud. He felt that very little was known about the unconscious. During the early stage of formulations, Jung decided that the unconscious consisted of two layers, one personal and one collective. His ideas were very similar to Freud’s except what Freud regarded as the drive portion of the unconscious, Jung broadened into being a collective layer of archetypal images and energies. Freud and Jung differed in Freud’s idea of dream censor and primary process. Based on Jung ideas, that could be abandoned and mental imagery approached without a fixed set of assumptions. Jung continued his exploration of the unconscious by relying on experiences in...