Theory Critique: Crabb and Hawkins
Crabb, L. (1977). Effective Biblical Counseling: A Model for Helping Caring Christians Become
Capable Counselors. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.
Hawkins, R. (2011). Week One, Lecture One: Strategy for Intervention. Retrieved July 8, 2011
from Liberty University: http://www.bb7.liberty.edu/courses/1/COUN507
Summary of Content
In terms of integrating Bible and counseling, four approaches have been identified and described by Larry Crabb. The first approach is known as Separate but Equal. In this method, counseling and Bible are not integrated and treated separately; the former is used to deal with psychological problems and the latter is used for spiritual issues and matters. The second approach is known as the Tossed Salad. It is most commonly used by Christian professionals, which concentrates on using Bible and psychology together in order to deliver a strong and effective religious and spiritual psychotherapy. The third approach is known as the Nothing Butter, which only uses Bible as the sole way of treating and dealing with issues and problems and these include psychological issues. The fourth approach is the Spoiling the Egyptians. This method is combination of second and third method and only utilize psychology and it’s concepts when they are compatible with the Scripture and it’s concepts and beliefs (Crabb, 1977).
Crabb (1977) asserts that human beings have two parts: physical and personal. The former deals with the body, while the latter deals with the spirit and soul. Furthermore, he has classified the structure of personality and had divided as followed: consciousness of the mind, unconsciousness of the mind, heart, emotions or feelings and will. From his perspective, self-seeking-behavior is responsible blocking compassion in the hearts of the unbelievers. On the other hand, believers are guided by the light of the Scripture and the bible and thus, follow the way of the Book and this...
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