|1. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT THEORIES OF LEARNING? | | | |BEHAVIORIST | | | |Learning theorists: Thorndike, Pavlov, Watson, Guthrie, Hull, Tolman, Skinner | |View of the learning process: Change in behaviour | |Locus of learning: Stimuli in external environment | |Purpose in education: Produce behavioural change in desired direction | |Educator’s role: Arranges environment to elicit desired response | |Manifestations in adult learning: Behavioral objectives; Competency -based education; Skill development and training |
Learning theorists: Koffka, Kohler, Lewin, Piaget, Ausubel,Bruner, Gagne View of the learning process: Internal mental process (including insight, information processing, memory, perception Locus of learning: Internal cognitive structuring
Purpose in education: Develop capacity and skills to learn better Educator’s role: Structures content of learning activity
Manifestations in adult learning: Cognitive development; Intelligence, learning and memory as function of age; Learning how to learn
Learning theorists: Maslow, Rogers
View of the learning process: A personal act to fulfil potential. Locus of learning: Affective and cognitive needs
Purpose in education: Become self-actualized, autonomous
Educator’s role: Facilitates development of the whole person Manifestations in adult learning: Andragogy; Self-directed learning
C. SOCIAL AND SITUATIONAL
Learning theorists: Bandura, Lave and Wenger, Salomon
View of the learning process: Interaction /observation in social contexts. Movement from the periphery to the centre of a community of practice Locus of learning: Learning is in relationship between people and environment. Purpose in education: Full participation in communities of practice and utilization of resources Educator’s role: Works to establish communities of practice in which conversation and participation can occur. Manifestations in adult learning: Socialization; Social participation; Associationalism; Conversation
Merriam, S. and Caffarella (1991, 1998) Learning in Adulthood. A comprehensive guide, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
2. WHAT ARE THE THEORIES OF LEARNING DO YOU THINK HAVE BEEN APPLIED BY YOUR PAST TEACHERS?
There are many different types of learning theories that are used to help guide individuals through the teaching and or learning process. After reviewing the different theories of learning, I was able to found out that all of these theories was been utilized by my past teachers. All of my instructors from the primary education up to the present in the graduate program apply behavioral theory in terms of providing positive reinforcements after an appropriate response. Positive reinforcements are verbal praise, good grades, and prizes. For example, way back on my elementary days I always study hard to get high grades and be on the top students in our class for me to receive a praise from my dad because I always want him to be proud of me...
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