Theories of Learning
Fill in the following boxes by defining Elemental and Holistic Models of Development. Then you will describe 2 theories, including theorist (s) from each model of development. Finally you will list the important points derived from each model learning theory. Save this document and type directly onto the document and into the boxes. The boxes will expand to accommodate what you write. Submit as an attachment to the appropriate drop box.
Definition of each Model Learning Theory
Theory and Theorist 1
Theory and Theorist 2
Important Points Derived (Be sure to number these theories and double space between them for easy reading). Elemental Model Learning Theory
Represents the universe as a machine composed of discrete pieces operating in a spatio-temporal field: reactive and adaptive model of man.
Connectionism Edward L. Thorndike
Law of readiness – circumstances where a learner tends to be satisfied or annoyed, to welcome or reject. 2.
Law of exercise – strengthening of connects with practice 3.
Law of effect – strengthening or weakening of a connection as a result of its consequences.
Reinforcement – conditioned reflex becomes fixed by providing the conditioned stimulus and following it repeatedly with unconditioned stimulus and response at timed intervals. 2.
Extinction – Occurs when the reinforcement is discontinued and the conditioned stimulus is presented alone. 3.
Generalization – conditioned reflex evoked to one stimulus and can be enticed by another stimulus dis-similar to the first. 4.
Differentiation – initial generalization is overcome by method of contrasts where one stimuli is reinforced and the other is not. Holistic Model learning Theories
Represents the world as a unitary interactive, developing organism: active and adaptive model of man.
Functionalism John Dewey
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