In contrast to many psychological theories that focus on abnormal behaviour or negative experiences, psychologists Abraham Marlow’s worked centered almost exclusively on the positive side of the human experiences. His well known hierarchy of needs presents a theory of motivation that focuses on the importance of personal growth and self-actualization. Its a content theory of inspiration. Maslow’s theory consisted of two main parts the classification of human needs and the contemplation of how the classes are contected to each other.
This theory outlines the hierarchy of needs in human beings. These needs range from the most basic, phsychologists needs to the least basic which are self-esteem needs. In the between one requires safety and security as well as love belonging. It also states that once our lower-level needs are met we are prompted to satisfy our higher-level needs.
The primary flaws with the Marlows theory of needs is that the needs order does not and cannot encompass all people and cultures. Based on where you are the hierarchy may shuffle.
As people progress up the pyramid, needs become increasingly psychological and social. Soon, the need for love, friendship, and intimacy become important. Further up the pyramid, the need for personal esteem and feelings of accomplishment take priority. Like Carl Rogers, Maslow emphasized the importance of self-actualization, which is a process of growing and developing as a person in order to achieve individual potential.
• Types of Needs:
Abraham Maslow believed that these needs are similar to instincts and play a major role in motivating behavior. Physiological, security, social, and esteem needs are deficiency needs (also known as D-needs), meaning that these needs arise due to deprivation. Satisfying these lower-level needs is important in order to avoid unpleasant feelings or consequences.
Maslow termed the highest-level of the pyramid as growth... [continues]
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