Theories and Blake's London

Topics: Poetry, Aristotle, Theory Pages: 3 (1177 words) Published: March 18, 2013
Over the centuries theorists have tried to develop different kinds of approaches to what should and should not be in terms of literary theory and criticism. In here we will discuss three different theorists (Aristotle, Longinus, and Wordsworth) from three different theories (mimetic, pragmatic and expressive) and explain their rules and thoughts to what is "good" literature. Later on, we will apply each theorist's theory to William Blake's "London", and whether it works well with the theory or not. Aristotle, the second theorist in the history of human beings as a response to Plato's theory of the "Ideal World"; came up with another approach to the mimetic theory. Mimetic theory is to deal with copies or what is also known as mimesis. His approach was to contradict those ideas of Plato's because most probably he thought that Plato did not do literature (or any form of art) justice by eliminating it away from the ideal and basically calling it in a way or another "an ideal wreckage" because it is a copy of the copy. Aristotle thought that on the contrary to what Plato had assisted us into omitting, he thought the way writers and poets (and any form of artists there is) copies what we see is more like bringing us to the "Universal Truth". To him to copy is to omit the unnecessary details, leave us what is important, and then the truth is prevailed; because the truth is put in a much larger sphere in which we readers could relate to whether we were in China or the Atlantic, we still could relate to it because it is a universal thing. In other words, Aristotle's "Universal Truth" is about something called "catharsis". Catharsis is known as three meanings (even though its general meaning is vague and is not known but this is what it sums down to) which are: clarification, purification, and purgation. Clarification is from its wording that the form of art is done to "clarify" that some actions (tragic actions specifically) could happen to anyone, hence brings us...
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