October 30, 2012
Adlerian and Gestalt therapy are humanistic and existential in nature. Each theory functions on the principle that as humans we have the opportunity to choose which direction to go in life. According to Adler, it is the consciousness not the unconsciousness that is the center of an individual’s personality. He also believed that humans are more partial to more social forces then genetic. On the other hand Gestalt believed humans should live in the here and now and experience self-awareness; therefore, bringing the unfinished business one has had in the past directly to the present.
Gestalt therapy focuses on education and development and on the principle that the individual must be understood in the perspective of his or her ongoing connection with the environment and health and not on pathology (Corey, 2001). Alderian therapy also believed in education and development. His education is implemented during the initial stage of intervention and is aimed at the schools, caregivers, and parents since this function as preventive measures of psychopathology.
Both Gestalt and Alderian therapies focuses on insight and awareness for the client forcing them to become aware of his or her behaviors and giving them the opportunity to correct such behaviors. Gestalt focuses on awareness. At different times during the session various thoughts can come forth. This can ultimately lead to the client’s freedom from any unresolved issues he or she may be experiencing. For Alderian therapy the focus is on definite issues; for instance, marriage; parenting; career choice; development, and relationships. This will move the client toward more judicious insight and positive behavioral and attitude change.
Corey, G. (2001). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning.