Theoretical Approaches in Turkish Archaeology

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THEORETICAL APPROACHES IN TURKISH ARCHAEOLOGY

A Master’s Thesis

by BANU AHİBAY

Department of Archaeology and History of Art Bilkent University Ankara September 2007

To INCI and ILKNUR Who gave me the best memories of my childhood

THEORETICAL APPROACHES IN TURKISH ARCHAEOLOGY

The Institute of Economics and Social Sciences of Bilkent University

by

BANU AHİBAY

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF ARTS in THE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHAEOLOGY AND HISTORY OF ART BILKENT UNIVERSITY ANKARA

September 2007

I certify that I have read this thesis and have found that it is fully adequate, in scope and in quality, as a thesis for the degree of Master of Arts in Archaeology and Art History.

--------------------------------------------Dr. Marie-Henriette Gates Supervisor

I certify that I have read this thesis and have found that it is fully adequate, in scope and in quality, as a thesis for the degree of Master of Arts in Archaeology and Art History.

--------------------------------------------Dr. Jacques Morin Examining Committee Member

I certify that I have read this thesis and have found that it is fully adequate, in scope and in quality, as a thesis for the degree of Master of Arts in Archaeology and Art History.

--------------------------------------------Dr. Gül Pulhan Examining Committee Member

Approval of the Institute of Economics and Social Sciences

--------------------------------------------Prof. Dr. Erdal Erel Director

ABSTRACT

THEORETICAL APPROACHES IN TURKISH ARCHAEOLOGY Ahibay, Banu M.A., Department of Archaeology and History of Art Supervisor: Dr. Marie-Henriette Gates

September 2007

This thesis analyzes several theoretical approaches in Turkish archaeology throughout its history. Starting from the late nineteenth century, each period will be examined with an emphasis on its certain historical, political or social developments that are reflected in contemporary archaeological interpretations. The influence of various factors on Turkish archaeology such as the German school, nationalism, Turkish History Thesis, Sun-Language Theory, Anatolianism, Humanism, the Braidwoods, and the Keban Dam Project will be discussed in detail.

Keywords: Method and Theory, Turkish archaeology, Anatolian archaeology.

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ÖZET

TÜRK ARKEOLOJİSİNDE KURAMSAL YAKLAŞIMLAR Ahibay, Banu Yüksek Lisans, Arkeoloji ve Sanat Tarihi Bölümü Tez Yöneticisi: Dr. Marie-Henriette Gates

Eylül 2007

Bu çalışma bugüne değin Türk arkeolojisinde görülen kuramsal yaklaşımları araştırmaktadır. Ondokuzuncu yüzyılın son dönemlerinden başlayarak, her dönem kendine özgü tarihsel, politik ve sosyal gelişmeler dikkate alınarak incelenecektir. Alman ekolü, milliyetçilik, Türk Tarih Tezi, Güneş-Dil Teorisi, Anadolucuk, Hümanizm, Braidwood’lar ve Keban Barajı Projesi gibi çeşitli faktörlerin Türk arkeolojisinin gelişimine etkisi detaylı olarak tartışılacaktır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Metod ve Teori, Türk arkeolojisi, Anadolu arkeolojisi.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

First of all, I would like to thank my advisor, Dr. Marie-Henriette Gates, for her endless support and encouragement during the formation of my thesis. I also wish to thank my other jury members, Dr. Jacques Morin and Dr. Gül Pulhan. I wish to express my sincere appreciation to my dearest friend Pelin Ayter who welcomed me whenever I needed her kindness and support. I am grateful to Sera Öner as well, for her sincere friendship. Very special thanks to Ata Erdem Öner, who has always been with me, sharing all my happiness and sorrow. Without this thoughtful and understanding person and without his constant support, it would be impossible for me to reach this point.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT ....................................................................................................... iii ÖZET...
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