Theological Arguments

Topics: Ontology, Existence, Metaphysics Pages: 2 (390 words) Published: November 9, 2008
All the following arguments are theological arguments written to prove the existence of god. Cosmological argument- This argument says that the existence of the world or universe is strong evidence for the existence of the God who created it. 1) Everything that exists has a cause of its existence.

(2) The universe exists.
Therefore
(3) The universe has a cause of its existence.
(4) If the universe has a cause of its existence, then that cause is God. Therefore:
(5) God exists.
Plato and Aristotle were to first to think of a first cause argument, which was then later adapted by Thomas Aquinas to form what we use today. Ontological argument- The ontological argument relies on reason to explain the existence of God. It says that the idea that god exists in your mind is proof that god exists. 1.God is that entity than which nothing can be greater.

2.The concept of God exists in human understanding.
3.God exists in one's mind but not in reality.
4.The concept of God's existence is understood in one's mind. 5.If God existed in reality, it would be a greater thing than God's existence in the mind. 6.The final step to God's existence is that God in reality must exist. This was made by St. Anselm a 12th century theologian.

Design argument-This argument says that for all the intelligent order and created beauty of the universe that there is an intelligent Designer and Creator of the universe. “The fifth way is taken from the governance of the world. We see that things which lack knowledge, such as natural bodies, act for an end, and this is evident from their acting always, or nearly always, in the same way, so as to obtain the best result. Hence it is plain that they achieve their end, not fortuitously, but designedly. Now whatever lacks knowledge cannot move towards an end, unless it be directed by some being endowed with knowledge and intelligence; as the arrow is directed by the archer. Therefore, some intelligent being exists by whom all...
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