THE NATIONAL PARK
By: Maliek Perkins 11th grade Ms. Dozier 5th Period Jonesboro High School
President Theodore Roosevelt & National Parks
There can be nothing in the world more beautiful than the Yosemite, the groves if the giant sequoias and redwoods, the canyon or the Colorado, the canyon of Yellowstone, the three Tetons; and our people should see to it that they are preserved for their children and then children's children forever, with their majestic beauty all marred. ~ President Theodore Roosevelt
President Theodore Roosevelt has contributed to the development of National Parks by creating the Antiquities Act of 1906 which gave him the power to declare lands as National Park or Monuments. Theodore Roosevelt is the 26th president of the United States. He was born and raised in New York. Due to his illnesses as a child, Roosevelt was home schooled. While at home, Roosevelt grew passionately fond of wild life, he also had a collection of old artifacts. As he grew older he flew with his parents to Egypt and Syria where he collected numerous birds. He, later on, skinned these birds in order to find out more about them. Roosevelt attended Harvard University from 1876- 1880 where he studied natural history and biology. He realized he wouldn't be able make a career from his studies at Harvard University so he changed his studies. In 1880 he attended Columbia University where he intended to become a lawyer, however, Roosevelt dropped out in 1882 before obtaining his degree in law and becoming lawyer. On February 14, 1884 Roosevelt's wife, Alice Hathaway, dies from Bright's disease (inflammation of the kidneys) and just hours earlier in the same house his mother dies of Typhoid Fever. After these tragic events occurred Roosevelt moved to North Dakota where he became a well known hunter and naturalist. In 1898 Theodore Roosevelt became the governor of New York. On September, 1901 Theodore Roosevelt becomes president. Throughout his presidency Roosevelt had a lot of accomplishments, but the thing I remember him for was his passion for animals and land. Roosevelt worked actively to save wildlife and their homes. While residing in North Dakota Roosevelt realized that the animals were becoming endangered due to hunting and diseases. Roosevelt's experiences in North Dakota made him want to save animals and protect them from the harm of humans and diseases. Soon after becoming president in 1901 he used his authority to formulate the Antiquities Act. This law banned the removal of anything from federal lands without first getting a permit. Permits were only granted to archeologists and scientists. Archeologists were given permits to do excavations(remove rocks or soil by digging), record findings, establish collections of artifacts, and designate archaeological sites as national monuments. This Act also gives the president power to declare historic and prehistoric landmarks and structures as national monuments. The punishment for breaking this law is a $500 fee and up to ninety days in prison. The people of the United States at this particular time enjoyed the idea of having a conservational president in office. They supported President Roosevelt and his ideas to preserve the land and protect animals. However, overtime controversies arose. Issues have included the size of the areas and types of resources protected; the effects of monument designation on land uses; the level and types of threats to the areas; the inclusion of nonfederal lands within monument boundaries; the act’s limited process compared with the public participation and environmental review aspects of other laws; and the agency managing the monuments. Among the monument measures considered during recent...