Throughout history, great civilizations have existed in various parts of the world. The cultural and intellectual achievements of these civilizations contributed to the advancement of humankind.
-define the term civilization
-describe some examples of cultural or intellectual achievements or intellectual achievements made by past civilizations
-identify each example with the particular civilization that made the contribution
-explain the lasting importance of each of these achievements or contributions to global history
A civilization is a community characterized by various elements such as a system of writing, development of social classes, and cities. During the Neolithic revolution, people discovered agriculture and were able to use this practice as a food source rather than having to hunt and gather. As a result of this, people were able to discontinue their nomadic life styles and civilizations were created. Three of the major civilizations were located in China, Rome and India. Despite some of these civilizations having geographic obstacles, they were all great civilizations and made contributions to the development of human kind or contributed to world history.
One of the great civilizations that formed was in China. China made significant contributions under the rule of the three dynasties: the Zhou, The Qin and The Han dynasty. The most significant achievements were made under the Han Dynasty. The Han dynasty first came to power in 206 B.C. and lasted four hundred years. One of the most powerful and leaders of this dynasty was Wudi. He was responsible for the development of the civil service exam program. The test was based on the teachings of Confucius which was a man that lived during the Zhou dynasty that believed that when people live up to the duties of their position in society; it would result in a harmonious society and preserve order. Wudi created this system of testing to...