1. Plot: The most important of the six components of the tragedy, the plot is the representation of human action. Plots can be simple or complex; Aristotle clearly indicates that complex plots are required for successful tragedies. The plot must be unified, clearly displaying a beginning, a middle, and an end, and must be of sufficient length to fully represent the course of actions but not so long that the audience loses attention and interest. 2. Action: Events happening between characters. It forms the plot. 3. Myth: A traditional or legendary story, usually the stories of gods and heroes ancient greece on which the plays of classical greece were based. 4. Dionysus: god of wine and ecstasy, was worshipped in festivals called Dionysia, which included performances of dithyrambic poetry, comedy, and tragedy. The Greater Dionysia in Athens, established by the ruler Pisistratus around 534 BCE, provided an occasion for performances of plays by all the major ancient playwrights. 5. City Dionysia: Religious festival in honor of the god Dionysus. During the festival, theatrical performances of dramatic tragedies were held. Medea was one of the play performance during the festival and won the 3rd prize. People drank wine during play, usually in late March or early April. 6. Satyr play: A form of tragic comedy. a short play performed after a tragic trilogy at the city dionysia in classical Athens, usually a burlesque of mythological subjects. Chorus members dressed as satyrs (half man half goat) - followers of dionysus. 7. Agon: debate; contest; plots surround horrific acts; agon between characters, and between characters and chorus, over which action to take 8. Chorus: The group of actors who jointly comment on the actions or give advise to the characters. 9. Theatron: Seeing place for audience.
10. Orchestra: Dancing-space, choral area
11. Skene: Booth, building, platform.
12. Parados: Choral entrance.
13. Episodes:Scenes between actors.
14. Exodos:Choral exit.
15. Antagonist: It refers to the opposing character or force in conflict with the main character in a play. 16. Protagonist: Main character of a literary, theatrical, cinematic, or musical narrative, around whom the events of the narrative's plot revolve and with whom the audience is intended to the share the most empathy. 17. Ekkyklema: rolling out. cart for revelation of bodies. 18. Mechane: Machine. Crane for flying Gods/Heroes.
19. Deus ex machina: Conventions of Greek tragedy, where a crane (mekhane) was used to lower actors playing gods onto the stage from above to show the divinity. Refers to the intervention of a divinity in the action of a drama to resolve a conflict and, often, to bring the action to a conclusion. Its literal sense, "god from the machine," comes from ancient stagecraft, in which an actor playing the deity would be physically lowered by a crane-like mechanism into the stage area. Aristotle recommends against using this technique to resolve the plots of tragedies, suggesting that its proper place is for staging commentaries by the gods that lie outside the actual action of the drama. 20. Hubris: pride
21. Hamartia: Mistake. The Greek word that describes what many people refer to as the "tragic flaw" of the hero of Greek tragedy, hamartia has a complex meaning which includes "sin," "error," "trespass," and "missing the mark". The "mistake" of the hero has an integral place in the plot of the tragedy. The logic of the hero's descent into misfortune is determined by the nature of his or her particular kind of hamartia. 22. Catharsis: Aristotle describes catharsis as the purging of the emotions of pity and fear that are aroused in the viewer of a tragedy. The concept is linked to the positive social function of tragedy. 23. Aristotle’s definition of tragedy: Imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and possesses magnitude. Purpose is catharsis, purification,...
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